Unlike other members of the pinniped group of mammals, they feed upon other seals, including the smaller crabeater, Antarctic and Weddell seals also found in this region. Physical Characteristics of The Chinstrap Penguin, Interesting Facts About the Yellow-Eyed Penguin, Comparison and Contrast of Whales and Dolphins. Previous reports stating the leopard seal skins its prey before feeding have been found to be incorrect.

[25] The acoustic behavior of the leopard seal is believed to be linked to their breeding behaviour. Conservation status: Least Concern. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [5][6] The name hydrurga means "water worker" and leptonyx is the Greek for "small clawed". The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard, is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal).Its only natural predator is the killer whale.
eventAction: 'view', Mating takes place in the water, and then the male leaves the female to care for the pup, which the female gives birth to after an average gestation period of 274 days. } His companions managed to save him by repeatedly kicking the animal in the head with the spiked, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 01:15. A leopard seal predating on an Adelie penguin (fledgling), Brown Bluff, Antarctica. [42][46], Paul Nicklen, a National Geographic magazine photographer, captured pictures of a leopard seal bringing live, injured, and then dead penguins to him, possibly in an attempt to teach the photographer how to hunt.

These cadence of calls are believed to be a part of a long range acoustic display for territorial purposes, or the attraction of a potential mate. The male seals produce loud calls (153 to 177 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) for many hours each day. }); While leopard seals generally swim faster than penguins, they try to save themselves the trouble of chasing prey by attacking with surprise. Some researchers believe this is due to safety concerns for the pups. Prey. Also known as the sea leopard, it has several characteristics in common with the big cat.

[40], Leopard seals are apex predators presenting a potential risk to humans. This information can be obtained by scientists by attaching transmitters to the seals after they are tranquilized on the ice. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. Leopard seals are the only known seals to regularly hunt warm-blooded prey.

ga('send', 'event', { All content, unless noted, is © to LeopardSeals.org. They are very strong animals and they tend to take over the areas where they reside. Since leopard seals live in an area difficult for humans to survive in, not much is known on their reproduction and breeding habits. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. It kills the swimming bird by grabbing the feet, then shaking the penguin vigorously and beating its body against the surface of the water repeatedly until the penguin is dead.

Such generalization and adaptations may be responsible for the seal's success in the challenging Antarctic ecosystem. It's a much easier process when the leopard seal feasts on smaller prey like krill -- a relatively small crustacean that leopard seals eat more than anything else. [23] However, scientists have identified five distinctive sounds that male leopard seals make, which include: the high double trill, medium single trill, low descending trill, low double trill, and a hoot with a single low trill. Omissions?

[33], Around the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia, the Antarctic fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) is the main prey. Mating occurs from December to January, shortly after the pups are weaned when the female seal is in estrus. eventAction: 'click', [27] They sighted seal pups from the beginning of November to the end of December, and noticed that there was about one pup for every three adults, and they also noticed that most of the adults were staying away from other adults during this season, and when they were seen in groups they showed no sign of interaction. The leopard seal can swim up to 24 mph, fast enough to catch almost any penguin. window.onload = function(e) { [18] Lone male leopard seals hunt other marine mammals and penguins in the pack ice of antarctic waters. Here are the 10 most interesting facts about this fascinating and dangerous resident of the Southern Ocean.

A newborn pup weighs around 66 pounds and are usually with their mother for a month, before they are weaned off. Hanging upside down and rocking from side to side, adult males have distinctive, stylized calls which they reproduce in unique sequences and which are believed to form part of their breeding behaviour. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard , is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). This is how we are currently learning so much about leopard seals diet and foraging habits. Although they are certainly formidable, leopard seals only have two known predators: killer whales and sharks. Leopard seals are one of two species of pinniped that hunt warm-blooded animals (such as penguins), and the only pinniped to hunt smaller species of seals. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard,[3] is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). The process of hunting and killing krill requires little more than swallowing it up in large quantities while swimming.
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Unlike other members of the pinniped group of mammals, they feed upon other seals, including the smaller crabeater, Antarctic and Weddell seals also found in this region. Physical Characteristics of The Chinstrap Penguin, Interesting Facts About the Yellow-Eyed Penguin, Comparison and Contrast of Whales and Dolphins. Previous reports stating the leopard seal skins its prey before feeding have been found to be incorrect.

[25] The acoustic behavior of the leopard seal is believed to be linked to their breeding behaviour. Conservation status: Least Concern. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [5][6] The name hydrurga means "water worker" and leptonyx is the Greek for "small clawed". The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard, is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal).Its only natural predator is the killer whale.
eventAction: 'view', Mating takes place in the water, and then the male leaves the female to care for the pup, which the female gives birth to after an average gestation period of 274 days. } His companions managed to save him by repeatedly kicking the animal in the head with the spiked, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 01:15. A leopard seal predating on an Adelie penguin (fledgling), Brown Bluff, Antarctica. [42][46], Paul Nicklen, a National Geographic magazine photographer, captured pictures of a leopard seal bringing live, injured, and then dead penguins to him, possibly in an attempt to teach the photographer how to hunt.

These cadence of calls are believed to be a part of a long range acoustic display for territorial purposes, or the attraction of a potential mate. The male seals produce loud calls (153 to 177 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) for many hours each day. }); While leopard seals generally swim faster than penguins, they try to save themselves the trouble of chasing prey by attacking with surprise. Some researchers believe this is due to safety concerns for the pups. Prey. Also known as the sea leopard, it has several characteristics in common with the big cat.

[40], Leopard seals are apex predators presenting a potential risk to humans. This information can be obtained by scientists by attaching transmitters to the seals after they are tranquilized on the ice. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. Leopard seals are the only known seals to regularly hunt warm-blooded prey.

ga('send', 'event', { All content, unless noted, is © to LeopardSeals.org. They are very strong animals and they tend to take over the areas where they reside. Since leopard seals live in an area difficult for humans to survive in, not much is known on their reproduction and breeding habits. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. It kills the swimming bird by grabbing the feet, then shaking the penguin vigorously and beating its body against the surface of the water repeatedly until the penguin is dead.

Such generalization and adaptations may be responsible for the seal's success in the challenging Antarctic ecosystem. It's a much easier process when the leopard seal feasts on smaller prey like krill -- a relatively small crustacean that leopard seals eat more than anything else. [23] However, scientists have identified five distinctive sounds that male leopard seals make, which include: the high double trill, medium single trill, low descending trill, low double trill, and a hoot with a single low trill. Omissions?

[33], Around the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia, the Antarctic fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) is the main prey. Mating occurs from December to January, shortly after the pups are weaned when the female seal is in estrus. eventAction: 'click', [27] They sighted seal pups from the beginning of November to the end of December, and noticed that there was about one pup for every three adults, and they also noticed that most of the adults were staying away from other adults during this season, and when they were seen in groups they showed no sign of interaction. The leopard seal can swim up to 24 mph, fast enough to catch almost any penguin. window.onload = function(e) { [18] Lone male leopard seals hunt other marine mammals and penguins in the pack ice of antarctic waters. Here are the 10 most interesting facts about this fascinating and dangerous resident of the Southern Ocean.

A newborn pup weighs around 66 pounds and are usually with their mother for a month, before they are weaned off. Hanging upside down and rocking from side to side, adult males have distinctive, stylized calls which they reproduce in unique sequences and which are believed to form part of their breeding behaviour. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard , is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). This is how we are currently learning so much about leopard seals diet and foraging habits. Although they are certainly formidable, leopard seals only have two known predators: killer whales and sharks. Leopard seals are one of two species of pinniped that hunt warm-blooded animals (such as penguins), and the only pinniped to hunt smaller species of seals. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard,[3] is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). The process of hunting and killing krill requires little more than swallowing it up in large quantities while swimming.
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While it remains a place of unique wildlife and stark, inhospitable stretches of ice where much is still unknown, what we do know is utterly […], Spot the Difference | Emerging Destinations, […] Learn more about leopard seals on the new Australis blog Facts About this Predator of the Southern Ocean. Leopard seals will often patrol penguin colonies in anticipation of penguins approaching or leaving the zone. Young leopard seals will usually eat mostly krill, squid and fish. The prey of the leopard seal might become too abundant. Although few serious interactions between leopard seals and humans have been recorded, in 2003 a biologist with the British Antarctic Survey was tragically dragged 200 ft. (61m) underwater to her death by a leopard seal. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Leopard seal, also called Sea Leopard, (Hydrurga leptonyx), generally solitary, earless seal (family Phocidae) that inhabits Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions. Since leopard seals live in an area difficult for humans to survive in, not much is known on their reproduction and breeding habits. Updates? Patagonia and other adventure travel destinations. Examples of aggressive behaviour, stalking and attacks have been documented. [29], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. This includes most species of penguins as well as other seal species and krill. hbspt.cta.load( '1822104', '5da4a5f7-8daf-4aa3-a772-996be4108f81', {}); Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …the solitary and aggressively carnivorous leopard seal, and the rarely seen Ross seal—breed almost exclusively in the Antarctic zone, and another, the southern elephant seal, breeds near the Convergence at South Georgia, Kerguelen, and Macquarie islands. hbspt.cta.load( '1822104', '90dc4a38-6ec4-485e-bf95-aa71dcdb2e55', {}); [16][11][17] These matrilineal groups can move further north in the austral winter to sub-antarctic islands and the coastlines of the southern continents to provide care for their pups.

Scientists attach this device usually to the head of the animal and it records depth, bottom time, total dive time, date and time, surface time, haul out time, pitch and roll, and total number of dives. [42][46], Paul Nicklen, a National Geographic magazine photographer, captured pictures of a leopard seal bringing live, injured, and then dead penguins to him, possibly in an attempt to teach the photographer how to hunt. }

The male seals produce loud calls (153 to 177 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) for many hours each day. Adult seals probably switch from krill to more substantial prey, including king, Adélie, rockhopper, gentoo, emperor and chinstrap penguins, and less frequently, Weddell, crabeater, Ross, and young southern elephant seals.

function ic_cta_track_click_1822104() { The animal is the dominant predator of Antarctica, for good reason. Most human perceptions of leopard seals are shaped by historic encounters between humans and leopard seals, that have occurred since the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration.[41]. ", "Seasonal occurrence and diet of leopard seals (, "Leopard seals suck up krill like whales", "An accurate and adaptable photogrammetric approach for estimating the mass and body condition of pinnipeds using an unmanned aerial system", "Leopard Seal Kills Scientist in Antarctica", Inquiry into fatal leopard seal attack begins, National Geographic photographer's surprise encounter with deadly predator, "Leopard Seal - Seal Facts and Information", Best Wildlife Photos of 2005 – "Underwater World" Winner: "Leopard Seal Pass", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leopard_seal&oldid=982895897, Fauna of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Taxa named by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1985, Scottish explorer Gareth Wood was bitten twice on the leg when a leopard seal tried to drag him off the ice and into the sea. Retrieved 2018-05-15.


Unlike other members of the pinniped group of mammals, they feed upon other seals, including the smaller crabeater, Antarctic and Weddell seals also found in this region. Physical Characteristics of The Chinstrap Penguin, Interesting Facts About the Yellow-Eyed Penguin, Comparison and Contrast of Whales and Dolphins. Previous reports stating the leopard seal skins its prey before feeding have been found to be incorrect.

[25] The acoustic behavior of the leopard seal is believed to be linked to their breeding behaviour. Conservation status: Least Concern. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [5][6] The name hydrurga means "water worker" and leptonyx is the Greek for "small clawed". The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard, is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal).Its only natural predator is the killer whale.
eventAction: 'view', Mating takes place in the water, and then the male leaves the female to care for the pup, which the female gives birth to after an average gestation period of 274 days. } His companions managed to save him by repeatedly kicking the animal in the head with the spiked, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 01:15. A leopard seal predating on an Adelie penguin (fledgling), Brown Bluff, Antarctica. [42][46], Paul Nicklen, a National Geographic magazine photographer, captured pictures of a leopard seal bringing live, injured, and then dead penguins to him, possibly in an attempt to teach the photographer how to hunt.

These cadence of calls are believed to be a part of a long range acoustic display for territorial purposes, or the attraction of a potential mate. The male seals produce loud calls (153 to 177 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) for many hours each day. }); While leopard seals generally swim faster than penguins, they try to save themselves the trouble of chasing prey by attacking with surprise. Some researchers believe this is due to safety concerns for the pups. Prey. Also known as the sea leopard, it has several characteristics in common with the big cat.

[40], Leopard seals are apex predators presenting a potential risk to humans. This information can be obtained by scientists by attaching transmitters to the seals after they are tranquilized on the ice. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. Leopard seals are the only known seals to regularly hunt warm-blooded prey.

ga('send', 'event', { All content, unless noted, is © to LeopardSeals.org. They are very strong animals and they tend to take over the areas where they reside. Since leopard seals live in an area difficult for humans to survive in, not much is known on their reproduction and breeding habits. However, it is known that their breeding system is polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the mating period. It kills the swimming bird by grabbing the feet, then shaking the penguin vigorously and beating its body against the surface of the water repeatedly until the penguin is dead.

Such generalization and adaptations may be responsible for the seal's success in the challenging Antarctic ecosystem. It's a much easier process when the leopard seal feasts on smaller prey like krill -- a relatively small crustacean that leopard seals eat more than anything else. [23] However, scientists have identified five distinctive sounds that male leopard seals make, which include: the high double trill, medium single trill, low descending trill, low double trill, and a hoot with a single low trill. Omissions?

[33], Around the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia, the Antarctic fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) is the main prey. Mating occurs from December to January, shortly after the pups are weaned when the female seal is in estrus. eventAction: 'click', [27] They sighted seal pups from the beginning of November to the end of December, and noticed that there was about one pup for every three adults, and they also noticed that most of the adults were staying away from other adults during this season, and when they were seen in groups they showed no sign of interaction. The leopard seal can swim up to 24 mph, fast enough to catch almost any penguin. window.onload = function(e) { [18] Lone male leopard seals hunt other marine mammals and penguins in the pack ice of antarctic waters. Here are the 10 most interesting facts about this fascinating and dangerous resident of the Southern Ocean.

A newborn pup weighs around 66 pounds and are usually with their mother for a month, before they are weaned off. Hanging upside down and rocking from side to side, adult males have distinctive, stylized calls which they reproduce in unique sequences and which are believed to form part of their breeding behaviour. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard , is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). This is how we are currently learning so much about leopard seals diet and foraging habits. Although they are certainly formidable, leopard seals only have two known predators: killer whales and sharks. Leopard seals are one of two species of pinniped that hunt warm-blooded animals (such as penguins), and the only pinniped to hunt smaller species of seals. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard,[3] is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal). The process of hunting and killing krill requires little more than swallowing it up in large quantities while swimming.

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