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However, this plant is also grown for its ornamental value. With a production capacity of 12,075,238 bananas yearly, the second yellow republic is China. 80% of the fruit production is carried on in provinces as Davao, Northern Mindanao, and Bukidnon, and a few others. Some are sweet, like the Cavendish variety, which is the most common and most widely exported. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Top Milk Producing Countries In The World, The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. Here, bananas are delighted by the sheer beauty of the landscapes from Hawaii and Mexico. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starchcovered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. In Central America, the sap of red bananas is considered an aphrodisiac. But, globally, bananas are widely produced in Asia, Latin America and Africa, India being the world largest producer of bananas, followed far behind by China, Philippines, Ecuador and Brazil. Bananas grow in clusters hanging from the tops of the plants, and they are usually curved in shaped and elongated. In the region of Northern Queensland, more than 90% of the banana fruit is being grown. Australian Bananas are grown on commercial plantations in Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Bananas can be yellow, green, brown, red and purple. Growing regions . They form from a rhizome, which is an underground stem. Fertile soil is important for its cultivation, so it is best grown in volcanic and alluvial soils. It is seen that out of these provinces, only the island of Hainan enjoys a tropical climate with sufficient humidity that is best for banana cultivation. The Philippines rank third in banana production, followed by Brazil and Ecuador. Ten to 15 months of frost-free conditions. However, this plant is also grown for its ornamental value. As long as your climate is right, you can choose among these edible varieties: In its native habitat, the banana is an understory plant. Many have visually appealing leaves in various colors or patterns. Banana cultivation is one of the most popular agricultural practices in India as the fruit grows all round the year irrespective of other fruits, which are usually seasonal in nature. Typical temperature requirements are as follows: The banana family includes a number of plants that are suitable for growing indoors. What Are Banana’s Temperature Requirements? Hawai’i and Florida produce most of the bananas grown in the US, according to a study done by the University of Florida. In the US, only Hawaii and Puerto Rico grow bananas commercially. Most ornamental bananas suitable for container growing can be grown almost anywhere. Although it appears as though bananas grow on trees, they are not actually classified as trees. China has five major provinces under the banana production namely Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, the island of Hainan and the Fujian. There are over 1000 different varieties of bananas growing around the world, subdivided into 50 groups. Edible bananas are typically grown in countries with tropical climates and rich alluvial or volcanic soil. Banana trunk. India gains the top slot by producing the largest number of bananas with 27,575,000 tons. Edible bananas such as the Cavendish you find in the grocery store are tropical plants – they are usually grown in areas like Hawaii and Florida, in USDA Zones 9 to 13. Feed with a dilute liquid organic fertilizer once a week while the plant is actively growing. An area that gets morning sun is a good choice. Orinoco – Landscape plant in southern California. The mature banana plant forms rhizomes that grow into little plants known as pups that can be removed and planted elsewhere. Where Should I Plant Bananas in the Garden? Your climate is the primary determinate for banana varieties. A well planned plantation incorporates good soil types, safe all-weather access, row design to suit typographic conditions, irrigation design, plant spacings, and specialised erosion control and drainage structures. While growing, there are other suckers that sprout up from the underground stem. Out of these five provinces, it is only the island of Hainan that enjoys a tropical climate and great humidity that is suitable for banana production. There is a main “trunk” that sprouts up from underground that produces the banana cluster. In the wild, you can find banana plants in tropical rainforests or the high altitude of equatorial mountain ranges. India is the largest worldwide producer of edible bananas, producing more than twice as much as its nearest competitor, China. You never know how good a banana can taste until you are sitting in a small Costa Rica cafe, restaurant or hotel and eating one that has just been picked, pealed and sliced. Musa Truly Tiny – two-foot container plant. People often assume that the banana fruit grows on trees, however, the banana is a high herb which can grow up to 15 metres. South and South-west Hainan province is known as the Golden Corridor area for banana cultivation. The soil in which bananas grow should be evenly moist. The main infectious agent is the Fusarium soil fungus that enters the banana plant through the roots via the water stream. It also helps in treating depression as magnesium helps in relaxation of muscles and Vitamin B6 helps to sleep well. Say the word “banana” and most people will immediately think of the yellow grocery story fruit. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Bananas are rich in antioxidants, magnesium, and vitamin C. The other nutrients found in the fruit are vitamin B6, protein, dietary fiber, riboflavin, niacin, iron, etc. Ask an expert for advice. Although some varieties are advertised as hardy to Zone 4, you’re taking a big chance. Fibers from stems and leaves are used to make paper and rope. There are many varieties of bananas grown in India like Robusta, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, and Nendran, etc. It grows in ares with bright but indirect light. How Do Bananas Grow? In colder areas, protect from frost. On the third spot on the list and also one of the largest exporter of bananas, is the Philippines. Once you’ve met their needs for the right amount of sunlight and highly fertile, well-draining soil, water and fertilizer are the next considerations. The Australian fruit industry is touching its peak value in the production of banana fruit. Which is a very small area – less than 0.01% of the total land in the United States. You may need to bring them indoors for the winter in cooler climates. A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. By Khushboo Sheth on April 25 2017 in Economics. The five provinces are; Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, the island of Hainan and the Fujian. The fruits are rich in fibre, potassium, vitamins A, B6 and C. But it's also about flavour - and you just can't beat the taste of a home grown … Plants for growing indoors include those less than two feet in height and others up to six or eight feet. Where are bananas grown in the US? Many people will grow bananas on their own land, and you can find locally grown bananas at a local farmers market. Commercial bananas in the US are grown on only 16,000 acres of land. How Bananas Are Grown. Which is a very small area – less than 0.01% of the total land in the United States. It has five major provinces that produce bananas. A number of varieties of this fruit are widely grown namely, Lacatan, Saba, and Cavendish, etc. Full, searing sun can damage and even kill bananas. Bananas contain a starch-rich flesh covered with a rind (skin). Many ornamentals can be grown in Zones 9 to 11, although they may need frost protection. Fehi bananas, grown in Polynesia, produce a red dye. Plantains – sometimes called cooking bananas – tend to be hardier than the typical edible banana, which is a true tropical fruit. Writing in 1458, the Italian traveller and writer Gabriele Capodilista wrote favourably of the extensive farm produce of the estates at Episkopi, near modern-day Limassol, including the region's banana plantations. Average growing temperatures below 80°F (27°C), at which point growth will slow. Ladyfinger – more tolerant of cool weather. The area of South and South-west Hainan province is also known as the Golden Corridor area for the banana production. In some climates, you can grow bananas outdoors, while in others, they are limited to the greenhouse or a container that moves outside for the summer. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. World regions where bananas are grown: World top banana producers: In tropical countries, banana leaves are used to wrap food for cooking and storage. Fertile soil is important for its cultivation, so it is best grown in volcanic and alluvial soils. Minimum temperatures of 53°F (12°C) or above. It is followed by China (mainland) with 12,075,238 tons. It travels into the leaves and trunks. In some climates, you can grow bananas outdoors, while in others, they are limited to the greenhouse or a container that moves outside for the summer. Say the word “banana” and most people will immediately think of the yellow grocery story fruit. Commercial bananas in the US are grown on only 16,000 acres of land. They are considered herbs. The fruit can be cultivated in the temperature range between 10°C and 40°C, and high humidity conditions. Abyssinian Banana – burgundy-red leaves, hardy to USDA Zones 8-10. You must also make sure the soil in that area drains well, or build a raised bed for your banana plants to promote better drainage. Bananas were certainly grown in the Christian Kingdom of Cyprus by the late medieval period. However, full shade is too dark. In regions such as North America and Europe, Musa fruits offered for sale can be divided into "bananas" and "plantains", based on their intended use as food. Some grow their banana plants in containers that can be moved inside for cold periods or the entire winter. Since this disease cannot be stopped by application of fungicides or other chemicals, farmers are advised to cultivate their crops with great precautions to prevent the fungus from contaminating their banana plants. This ensures the industry is diverse in terms of the geographical location of banana farms, farming practices, the size and type of farms that grow bananas, the varieties of bananas grown and their flavour. If necessary, water every other day. Today in Australia, bananas are grown in both tropical and subtropical regions. Source: https://flic.kr/p/DKN5JL. This fruit is good for heart health as it protects against the blood pressure fluctuations because of its potassium content. The trunk of the banana is made of leaf stalks all wrapped around each other, and this is where new leaves start growing inside.. Commercial banana plants are reproduced by using banana pups. Today, banana fruits are being grown in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Sikkim Red Banana – maroon leaves, hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. Almost all mod… Illustration of fruit and banana plant from Acta Eruditorum, 1734. Yield is higher when the temperature is above 24° C. In India, it is widely grown in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Banana cultivation is one of the most popular agricultural practices in India as the fruit grows all round the year irrespective of other fruits, which are usually seasonal in nature. In addition to being a source of food, bananas are also grown for other reasons. It is known as the Panama disease. Banana’s are also grown on plantations on the Pacific coast, close to the towns of Golfito and Quepos. Currently, a deadly fungal disease threatens the banana cultivation in all parts of the world. Miss Chiquita was "born" in 1963, or at least that's when she made her debut on the banana labels; she made no mention of her age at the time. 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