The city's quality of life rating has continued to improve over the years and Birmingham was ranked 49th in the world in the 2019 survey. [101], Recently, many parts of Birmingham have been transformed, with the redevelopment of the Bullring Shopping Centre,[102] the construction of the new Library of Birmingham (the largest public library in Europe) and the regeneration of old industrial areas such as Brindleyplace, The Mailbox and the International Convention Centre. The National Indoor Arena hosted the 2007 European Athletics Indoor Championships and the 2003 and 2018 World Indoor Championships, as well as hosting the annual Aviva Indoor Grand Prix – the only British indoor athletics fixture to qualify as an IAAF Indoor Permit Meeting[342] – and a wide variety of other sporting events. Birmingham is the largest city of the West Midlands conurbation—one of England’s principal industrial and commercial areas—for which it acts as an administrative, recreational, and cultural centre. [183] It was "a seething cauldron of musical activity", and the international success of groups such as The Move, The Spencer Davis Group, The Moody Blues, Traffic and the Electric Light Orchestra had a collective influence that stretched into the 1970s and beyond. The River Stour flows through the west of the West Midlands county. A smaller piece of green belt between Birmingham, Walsall and West Bromwich includes Barr Beacon and the Sandwell Valley. [53] The close relationship between Enlightenment Birmingham's leading thinkers and its major manufacturers[54] – in men like Matthew Boulton and James Keir they were often in fact the same people[55] – made it particularly important for the exchange of knowledge between pure science and the practical world of manufacturing and technology. [261] Birmingham is planning a Clean Air Zone from 2020, which will charge polluting vehicles to travel into the city centre.

Another 33.9% said they were in good health, which was also below the national average. Children around age ten are a relatively small group, reflecting the decline in birth rates around the turn of the century. The West Midlands is unusual amongst the metropolitan counties in that three of its boroughs have city status; Coventry is a city by ancient prescriptive usage,[16] Birmingham was granted city status in 1889,[17] and Wolverhampton in 2000 as a "Millennium City".[18]. [108], Originally part of Warwickshire, Birmingham expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, absorbing parts of Worcestershire to the south and Staffordshire to the north and west. Since 1994 Birmingham has hosted the All England Open Badminton Championships at Arena Birmingham. The river basin is the most urbanised basin in the United Kingdom, with approximately 42% of the basin being urbanised. All secondary state education in Dudley and Sandwell is mixed comprehensive, although there are a small number of single sex and grammar schools existing in parts of Birmingham, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall. Established migrants outnumbered newer migrants in all wards except for, Edgbaston, Ladywood, Nechells and Selly Oak. [74] Freeing for the first time the manufacturing capacity of human society from the limited availability of hand, water and animal power, this was arguably the pivotal moment of the entire industrial revolution and a key factor in the worldwide increases in productivity that would follow over the following century. [176] The Big City Plan of 2008 aims to move the city into the index's top 20 by 2026. St Mary's College, Oscott is one of the three seminaries of the Catholic Church in England and Wales;[290] Woodbrooke is the only Quaker study centre in Europe;[291] and Queen's College, Edgbaston is an ecumenical theological college serving the Church of England, the Methodist Church and the United Reformed Church.

The city lies approximately 110 miles (177 km) northwest of London. It is a northern suburb of Detroit located along the Woodward Corridor . In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 came into effect, creating the metropolitan county of West Midlands. Bicycles and motorcycles are made in the area, though the bicycle trade has declined. [20] Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations,[21] and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. The Birmingham Repertory Theatre, opened in 1913, has acquired national renown. [152] Between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the proportion of Christians in Birmingham decreased from 59.1% to 46.1%, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 14.3% to 21.8% and the proportion of people with no religious affiliation increased from 12.4% to 19.3%. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Today, the city is home of two of the country's oldest professional football teams: Aston Villa F.C., which was founded in 1874 and plays at Villa Park; and Birmingham City F.C., which was founded in 1875 and plays at St Andrew's. [255], Highrise development has slowed since the 1970s and mainly in recent years because of enforcements imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority on the heights of buildings as they could affect aircraft from the Airport (e.g. [134] The city has over six million trees,[135] and 250 miles (400 kilometres) of urban brooks and streams. [310], There are 41 local libraries in Birmingham, plus a regular mobile library service. It was designed by the Dutch architects Mecanoo and has been described as "a kind of public forum ... a memorial, a shrine, to the book and to literature". The store’s curved form, covered with 15,000 aluminum discs, serves as a dramatic counterpoint to its neighbour, the Neo-Gothic St. Martin’s Church.

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The city's quality of life rating has continued to improve over the years and Birmingham was ranked 49th in the world in the 2019 survey. [101], Recently, many parts of Birmingham have been transformed, with the redevelopment of the Bullring Shopping Centre,[102] the construction of the new Library of Birmingham (the largest public library in Europe) and the regeneration of old industrial areas such as Brindleyplace, The Mailbox and the International Convention Centre. The National Indoor Arena hosted the 2007 European Athletics Indoor Championships and the 2003 and 2018 World Indoor Championships, as well as hosting the annual Aviva Indoor Grand Prix – the only British indoor athletics fixture to qualify as an IAAF Indoor Permit Meeting[342] – and a wide variety of other sporting events. Birmingham is the largest city of the West Midlands conurbation—one of England’s principal industrial and commercial areas—for which it acts as an administrative, recreational, and cultural centre. [183] It was "a seething cauldron of musical activity", and the international success of groups such as The Move, The Spencer Davis Group, The Moody Blues, Traffic and the Electric Light Orchestra had a collective influence that stretched into the 1970s and beyond. The River Stour flows through the west of the West Midlands county. A smaller piece of green belt between Birmingham, Walsall and West Bromwich includes Barr Beacon and the Sandwell Valley. [53] The close relationship between Enlightenment Birmingham's leading thinkers and its major manufacturers[54] – in men like Matthew Boulton and James Keir they were often in fact the same people[55] – made it particularly important for the exchange of knowledge between pure science and the practical world of manufacturing and technology. [261] Birmingham is planning a Clean Air Zone from 2020, which will charge polluting vehicles to travel into the city centre.

Another 33.9% said they were in good health, which was also below the national average. Children around age ten are a relatively small group, reflecting the decline in birth rates around the turn of the century. The West Midlands is unusual amongst the metropolitan counties in that three of its boroughs have city status; Coventry is a city by ancient prescriptive usage,[16] Birmingham was granted city status in 1889,[17] and Wolverhampton in 2000 as a "Millennium City".[18]. [108], Originally part of Warwickshire, Birmingham expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, absorbing parts of Worcestershire to the south and Staffordshire to the north and west. Since 1994 Birmingham has hosted the All England Open Badminton Championships at Arena Birmingham. The river basin is the most urbanised basin in the United Kingdom, with approximately 42% of the basin being urbanised. All secondary state education in Dudley and Sandwell is mixed comprehensive, although there are a small number of single sex and grammar schools existing in parts of Birmingham, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall. Established migrants outnumbered newer migrants in all wards except for, Edgbaston, Ladywood, Nechells and Selly Oak. [74] Freeing for the first time the manufacturing capacity of human society from the limited availability of hand, water and animal power, this was arguably the pivotal moment of the entire industrial revolution and a key factor in the worldwide increases in productivity that would follow over the following century. [176] The Big City Plan of 2008 aims to move the city into the index's top 20 by 2026. St Mary's College, Oscott is one of the three seminaries of the Catholic Church in England and Wales;[290] Woodbrooke is the only Quaker study centre in Europe;[291] and Queen's College, Edgbaston is an ecumenical theological college serving the Church of England, the Methodist Church and the United Reformed Church.

The city lies approximately 110 miles (177 km) northwest of London. It is a northern suburb of Detroit located along the Woodward Corridor . In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 came into effect, creating the metropolitan county of West Midlands. Bicycles and motorcycles are made in the area, though the bicycle trade has declined. [20] Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations,[21] and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. The Birmingham Repertory Theatre, opened in 1913, has acquired national renown. [152] Between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the proportion of Christians in Birmingham decreased from 59.1% to 46.1%, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 14.3% to 21.8% and the proportion of people with no religious affiliation increased from 12.4% to 19.3%. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Today, the city is home of two of the country's oldest professional football teams: Aston Villa F.C., which was founded in 1874 and plays at Villa Park; and Birmingham City F.C., which was founded in 1875 and plays at St Andrew's. [255], Highrise development has slowed since the 1970s and mainly in recent years because of enforcements imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority on the heights of buildings as they could affect aircraft from the Airport (e.g. [134] The city has over six million trees,[135] and 250 miles (400 kilometres) of urban brooks and streams. [310], There are 41 local libraries in Birmingham, plus a regular mobile library service. It was designed by the Dutch architects Mecanoo and has been described as "a kind of public forum ... a memorial, a shrine, to the book and to literature". The store’s curved form, covered with 15,000 aluminum discs, serves as a dramatic counterpoint to its neighbour, the Neo-Gothic St. Martin’s Church.

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[11] The first Mayoral election was held in May 2017, and the position was won by Andy Street of the Conservative Party. [346] Birmingham is the location for several British and international film productions including Felicia's Journey of 1999, which used locations in Birmingham that were used in Take Me High of 1973 to contrast the changes in the city. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

[252] In inner-city areas too, much Victorian housing was demolished and redeveloped. There is a large group of children under the age of five reflecting high numbers of births in recent years. The county consists of seven metropolitan boroughs: the City of Birmingham, the City of Coventry and the City of Wolverhampton, as well as the boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull and Walsall. The following clubs are often referred to as the West Midlands "Big Six": The West Midlands is also home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club, who are based at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, which also hosts Test matches and One Day Internationals. 238,313 Birmingham residents were born overseas, of these, 44% (103,682) have been resident in the UK for less than ten years. The 1974 reform created the West Midlands County Council that covered the entire area and dealt with strategic issues. In recent years, ideas of an underground system have started to appear, but none so far have been planned in earnest primarily due to the ongoing expansion of the West Midlands Metro tram network being viewed as a higher priority. Warwickshire County Cricket Club play at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, which also hosts test cricket and one day internationals and is the largest cricket ground in the United Kingdom after Lord's. St Philip's Cathedral was upgraded from church status when the Anglican Diocese of Birmingham was created in 1905. The Mailbox which caters for more affluent clients is based within the city. [103], Birmingham City Council is the largest local authority in Europe, in terms of the population it covers with 101 councillors representing 77 wards as of 2018. [233], Birmingham is the only city outside London to have five Michelin starred restaurants: Simpson's in Edgbaston, Carters of Moseley, and Purnell's, Opheem and Adam's in the city centre. [245] Birmingham City Council also operate a locally listing scheme for buildings that do not fully meet the criteria for statutorily listed status. This followed the demise of 5–8 first, 8–12 middle and 12-16/18 secondary schools in the Sutton Coldfield area.[19]. The WMCA holds devolved powers in transport, development planning, and economic growth. Births are up 20% since 2001, increasing from 14,427 to 17,423 in 2011. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian) note-Zaporizhia_twinnings-71, Zaporozhe : Birmingham's twin city in the USSR, "Commerce and Creativity in Eighteenth-Century Birmingham", "Birmingham: The making of a Civic Gospel", Visitbirmingham.com - Tourism website for Birmingham, Local Strategic Partnership for Birmingham, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birmingham&oldid=983972687, Metropolitan boroughs of the West Midlands (county), NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Populated places established in the 6th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2010, Articles with dead external links from April 2011, Articles with dead external links from September 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing Old English (ca. The National Express headquarters are located in Digbeth, in offices above Birmingham Coach Station, which forms the national hub of the company's coach network. [50], The 18th century saw this tradition of free-thinking and collaboration blossom into the cultural phenomenon now known as the Midlands Enlightenment. [73], Most significant, however, was the development in 1776 of the industrial steam engine by James Watt and Matthew Boulton.

The city's quality of life rating has continued to improve over the years and Birmingham was ranked 49th in the world in the 2019 survey. [101], Recently, many parts of Birmingham have been transformed, with the redevelopment of the Bullring Shopping Centre,[102] the construction of the new Library of Birmingham (the largest public library in Europe) and the regeneration of old industrial areas such as Brindleyplace, The Mailbox and the International Convention Centre. The National Indoor Arena hosted the 2007 European Athletics Indoor Championships and the 2003 and 2018 World Indoor Championships, as well as hosting the annual Aviva Indoor Grand Prix – the only British indoor athletics fixture to qualify as an IAAF Indoor Permit Meeting[342] – and a wide variety of other sporting events. Birmingham is the largest city of the West Midlands conurbation—one of England’s principal industrial and commercial areas—for which it acts as an administrative, recreational, and cultural centre. [183] It was "a seething cauldron of musical activity", and the international success of groups such as The Move, The Spencer Davis Group, The Moody Blues, Traffic and the Electric Light Orchestra had a collective influence that stretched into the 1970s and beyond. The River Stour flows through the west of the West Midlands county. A smaller piece of green belt between Birmingham, Walsall and West Bromwich includes Barr Beacon and the Sandwell Valley. [53] The close relationship between Enlightenment Birmingham's leading thinkers and its major manufacturers[54] – in men like Matthew Boulton and James Keir they were often in fact the same people[55] – made it particularly important for the exchange of knowledge between pure science and the practical world of manufacturing and technology. [261] Birmingham is planning a Clean Air Zone from 2020, which will charge polluting vehicles to travel into the city centre.

Another 33.9% said they were in good health, which was also below the national average. Children around age ten are a relatively small group, reflecting the decline in birth rates around the turn of the century. The West Midlands is unusual amongst the metropolitan counties in that three of its boroughs have city status; Coventry is a city by ancient prescriptive usage,[16] Birmingham was granted city status in 1889,[17] and Wolverhampton in 2000 as a "Millennium City".[18]. [108], Originally part of Warwickshire, Birmingham expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, absorbing parts of Worcestershire to the south and Staffordshire to the north and west. Since 1994 Birmingham has hosted the All England Open Badminton Championships at Arena Birmingham. The river basin is the most urbanised basin in the United Kingdom, with approximately 42% of the basin being urbanised. All secondary state education in Dudley and Sandwell is mixed comprehensive, although there are a small number of single sex and grammar schools existing in parts of Birmingham, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall. Established migrants outnumbered newer migrants in all wards except for, Edgbaston, Ladywood, Nechells and Selly Oak. [74] Freeing for the first time the manufacturing capacity of human society from the limited availability of hand, water and animal power, this was arguably the pivotal moment of the entire industrial revolution and a key factor in the worldwide increases in productivity that would follow over the following century. [176] The Big City Plan of 2008 aims to move the city into the index's top 20 by 2026. St Mary's College, Oscott is one of the three seminaries of the Catholic Church in England and Wales;[290] Woodbrooke is the only Quaker study centre in Europe;[291] and Queen's College, Edgbaston is an ecumenical theological college serving the Church of England, the Methodist Church and the United Reformed Church.

The city lies approximately 110 miles (177 km) northwest of London. It is a northern suburb of Detroit located along the Woodward Corridor . In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 came into effect, creating the metropolitan county of West Midlands. Bicycles and motorcycles are made in the area, though the bicycle trade has declined. [20] Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations,[21] and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. The Birmingham Repertory Theatre, opened in 1913, has acquired national renown. [152] Between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the proportion of Christians in Birmingham decreased from 59.1% to 46.1%, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 14.3% to 21.8% and the proportion of people with no religious affiliation increased from 12.4% to 19.3%. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Today, the city is home of two of the country's oldest professional football teams: Aston Villa F.C., which was founded in 1874 and plays at Villa Park; and Birmingham City F.C., which was founded in 1875 and plays at St Andrew's. [255], Highrise development has slowed since the 1970s and mainly in recent years because of enforcements imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority on the heights of buildings as they could affect aircraft from the Airport (e.g. [134] The city has over six million trees,[135] and 250 miles (400 kilometres) of urban brooks and streams. [310], There are 41 local libraries in Birmingham, plus a regular mobile library service. It was designed by the Dutch architects Mecanoo and has been described as "a kind of public forum ... a memorial, a shrine, to the book and to literature". The store’s curved form, covered with 15,000 aluminum discs, serves as a dramatic counterpoint to its neighbour, the Neo-Gothic St. Martin’s Church.

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