You will see an oncologist if your usual doctor suspects you have cancer. Make sure to trust your advisers and trust your gut when making these decisions, so that your career as a physician is everything you’ve dreamed of, and you know you’re doing your best work. Dermatologists study skin and the structures, functions and diseases related to it. But most doctors have extra expertise in one type of medicine or another. Common reasons for visiting an OB/GYN are: you're seeking a contraceptive method, are experience irregular period symptoms or pelvic pain, or are seeking prenatal care. Some students begin shadowing even as high schoolers. You might see a surgeon for a variety of reasons. Psychiatrists can specialize in more than one mental illness, and can also specialize in treating substance abuse. Make sure you start early! A dermatologist is a doctor specializing in the skin. Female patients are typically advised to see a gynecologist once a year. If you're looking at taking your next steps, check out this guide to The 11 Best Pre-Med Schools and our guide on what to expect from your pre-med program. Some sub-specialties include invasive or noninvasive cardiologists. You would see an ophthalmologist if your PCP or optometrist suspects you have a more serious eye disease, or might need surgery. Urologists specialize in issues related to the urinary system, such as urinary tract infections. Some fields are more competitive, and since the specialization process relies on matching, you may not get matched to your preferred specialty. You have to consider your interests, and what your goals will be once you’re a physician. A Comprehensive Guide. In addition to research on the brain stem, neurologists also study the nervous system and diseases that affect that region. When you suspect something else is going on, your first stop is a PCP since they're responsible for your overall care and well-being. Orthopedic Surgeons treat ailments concerned with the skeletal system, such as broken bones and arthritis. Psychiatrists, who occupy a more prevalent place in the research field than the medical field, study behavior and mental processes. Dermatologists. Surgeons can be found at the operating table, performing a wide variety of surgeries from head to toe. For example, a surgeon can further specialize in orthopedic surgery, or an oncologist can specialize in a certain type of cancer. Cardiologists treat and diagnose problems with the heart and blood vessels. After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, all aspiring physicians must go to medical school for four years, and then complete a one year internship and a three or four year residency. However, that particular doctor, the family physician, represents only one of the countless areas in which medical professionals work. 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