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If there is a Death and the Maiden SparkNotes, Shmoop guide, or Cliff Notes, you can find a link to each study guide below. Miranda does not genuinely appear to ask for forgiveness; he does so only in the context of a confession which may be falsified. Paulina?

As it’s getting late, Gerardo insists that Roberto stays the night and shows him to the spare room. Although this gives a sense of Paulina ridiculing Roberto, it also shows that the details of the traumatic event still haunt her and that she is unable to escape the past.
She blames a man named Roberto Miranda, a doctor that had visited her and her husband’s household at night, because she recognizes his voice and the music that was played. The discussion between Paulina and Gerardo concerning the commission's goals sets the stage for actions that will materialize throughout the rest of the play.

He imagined one character deciding to put another on trial for real or imagined abuses from their past. Aylwin's solution was to form a commission - the Rettig Commission - that would investigate the crimes of the dictatorship, but would neither name the perpetrators nor judge them. Among the summaries and analysis available for Death and the Maiden, there At first she gives Gerardo a submissive yes, but Gerardo is not satisfied with the lack of enthusiasm and says, “that’s not the yes I need”[pg 8]. By the end of 'Death and the Maiden,' the doctor has confessed, leaving Paulina to contemplate the manner of his death. If he’s innocent, she says, “then he’s really screwed.”. Development of justice applies to the Death and the Maiden when Gerardo talks with Paulina, Paulina ties up Roberto at gunpoint, Roberto’s confession, and when Paulina describes what happened to her. In conclusion, Ariel Dorfman successfully portrays the deterioration in Paulina and Gerardo’s marriage through his use of sarcasm, repetition and flashback. He crafted his trio, which consists of a man, his wife, and the stranger who helps the man when his car breaks down. At the start of Act 2, Paulina retells her memory to him as if he was her ‘confessor’, she hasn’t even told it to Gerado, her sister and ‘certainly not my mother’ because the truth (of her rape) will only hurt others. We can see that the power of the household shifts to Paulina as she bears the weapon. Although they are under the extraordinary circumstance of encountering an old traumatic memory, it seems as though their marriage exist within the generalized gender roles of man and wife.

Meanwhile, Pinochet was facing increased opposition to his years-long military dictatorship in Chile and legalized political parties in 1987. Death and the Maiden is a play (and representative of a country) in which “the real truth” is frequently invoked but rarely spoken and in which uncertainty is pervasive and the masks characters wear have become indistinguishable from their real selves. In this instance, she is referring to Gerardo’s strength over her, both emotional and physical. Paulina’s negotiation with Gerardo regarding her plan to free Roberto if they can prove he is guilty speaks to Gerardo being her conscience. And then, all of a sudden, I heard a Schubert quartet.

Together, the three characters’ symbols allow for the creation of tension and chaos that ultimately advances the plot in the play. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Gerardo and Paulina use sarcasm as a means to communicate with each other. Paulina Salas lives with her husband, Gerardo, in the country.

Her growing animalistic behavior and her restlessness develop a mistrust with her relationship with Gerardo. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. This change in authority puts Paulina with the right to do what she pleases. The surprisingly amount of specific details Paulina remembered from the day fifteen years ago shows how keen she was to receive justice since then. Neither Gerardo nor Paulina have control over themselves.

These specific actions that Roberto claim is strange for him to admit. And I remember feeling overcome by something that felt like a silver-lined cloud. It is implied through the stage craft that the confrontation is therapeutic. Gerardo represents justice and impartiality, concepts that would be deeply rooted in a lawyer or some other professional defender of rights.

They show that even the strongest of adoration for each other can be weakened by terrible memories, memories that the couple must get over before they can move on with their lives. Gerardo is the representation of the male misunderstanding of rape because he keeps telling Paulina that her act is ‘intolerable’ meanwhile her rape history is far worse than Roberto’s pain. Roberto, in his confession, subconsciously corrected those errors: for example, she had changed “Stud” to “Bud,” an error that Roberto subsequently fixed. In this moral thriller, Paulina accuses a man named Roberto of being the physician who tortured and raped her in the times of her abduction during the dictatorship. This was not enough to verify her actions.

The terror that defined Pinochet's rule would finally be made public and official, but the commission could not even begin to address the traumatic experience still haunting hundreds of thousands of survivors - which meant that true justice might never be served.
Death and the Maiden is Ariel Dorfman’s response to the brutal fifteen-year dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile. Although Gerardo is in the wrong, his placidity could make the opinion that the audience has of him favorable.

Paulina treats Roberto very unfairly throughout the play, just as the government would treat its people as it pleases, and often time quite poorly. A few months later, the action shifts to a concert hall (with the mirror still in position). In 1994, Roman Polanski directed the on-screen version of Death and the Maiden for Fine Line Features from a script by Rafael Yglesias and Ariel Dorfman, starring Sigourney Weaver, Ben Kingsley, and Stuart Wilson. Death and the Maiden essays are academic essays for citation. Gerardo explains to Roberto that he thinks the only way for Roberto to free himself is to “indulge” Paulina—he needs to confess, even if he is innocent.

Detailed study guides typically feature a comprehensive analysis of the work, including an introduction, plot summary, character analysis, discussion of themes, excerpts of published criticism, and Q&A. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. Through the use of the symbolism represented by the characters, Ariel Dorfman personally reflects his view on a corrupt country like Chile. Sexy?” [pg 6]. A bell indicates that the concert is about to recommence. Roberto has heard about the commission on the radio and decided to come and offer his congratulations—and to save Gerardo a small inconvenience by bringing back his tire. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers.

In a dictatorship, there is a very real fear of what might happen next. She talks about the painful associations she now has with that music; it used to be her favorite piece but has since come to make her physically ill. She asks Roberto if this is the very same cassette that he used to play. Paulina is suspicious of the commission because it only focuses on those cases where death results. “Death and the Maiden” starts to play; Paulina now looks Roberto for a few moments. Again, she uses imitation to strengthen herself and her point by quoting Gerardo, “You can’t do this, you can’t do that, you can’t do this.” She ends her rant with an unapologetic “I did it”. An Analysis of Gerardo’s Role in Death and the Maiden. A bell indicates that the concert is about to recommence. Paulina is torn between her psychological repressions and somber memory, Gerardo is torn between his wife and the law, and Dr. Miranda is forced to endure captivity while husband and wife seek out the uncertain truth about the clouded past.

Gerardo reiterates the idea of not reciprocating the violent actions, “If he’s guilty, more reason to set him free.” (Dorfman 38). She now sought justice by killing him.

Gerardo’s constant fluctuations between being deceitful and being a heroic savior makes him an enigma that confounds the reader and Paulina herself. Therefore, the definition of justice changes in this part of the play. When Gerardo first sees Roberto tied to a chair, he is shocked and tells Paulina that she is “sick”. The general population of a corrupt nation like Chile at the time is a prime example of this impotence. It’s now lunchtime. FreeBookNotes found 4 sites with book summaries or analysis of Death and the Maiden.

Sites with a short overview, synopsis, book report, or summary of Death and the Maiden by Ariel Dorfman.

Later in the night, Paulina takes the gun and goes into Roberto’s room. When Paulina questions whether or not her husband’s Commission only investigates cases that end in death, Gerardo responds with this, “The idea is that if we can throw light on the worst crimes, other abuses will also come to light” (Dorfman 9), attempting to explain to her that their legal processes are just, however patience is required to see that. The memory still lives vividly within her when she ‘imitates a man’s voice’.

In the play Death and the Maiden, the theme of justice is portrayed in a way that leaves the reader asking what is the truth? Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. In actuality, Paulina uses the gun as a symbol of strength that not only creates a concrete barrier between her and Gerardo, but also it acts as a mask to conceal her fears and uncertainty.

Instant downloads of all 1360 LitChart PDFs If they can bear the violence that Paulina puts on Roberto, then the audience understand that rape is debilitating. The overlap of his words with Paulina’s question if he is indeed telling the truth. With this probationary, not only does Paulina challenge the existence of her past brutal relationship with Roberto, but also threatens her relationship with Gerardo. At the beginning of the play, Paulina Salas is being held as a prisoner... What is the importance of the lighting, interior design, and gestures in Death and the Maiden?

Such machismo is readily apparent in the play, especially so in the well-meaning but nonetheless sexist Gerardo, who fears appearing soft and whose protection of the hysterical Paulina perpetuates a sexual status quo belied by Paulina’s heroic resistance fifteen years earlier.

Also, when Paulina begins to use vulgar language with Roberto, Gerardo interjects, saying “My God!” and “she has never spoken like this in her life” (33). Paulina and Gerardo sit in the audience, witnessing the end of a musical performance. Upon entering the house, Gerardo “sees Paulina hidden behind the curtains” (Dorfman 3).

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