Tenha frete GRÁTIS ilimitado, filmes, séries, músicas e muito mais. The toppling of Egypt's monarchy in 1952–53 by Gamal Abdel Nasser provided an impetus for a similar undertaking in Iraq. Faisal II (Arabic: الملك فيصل الثاني Al-Malik Fayṣal Ath-thānī) (May 2, 1935 - July 14, 1958) was the last King of Iraq. Shaikha Salha bint Gharam al-Shahar (= 17), 26. Units of the Iraqi Army under the command of Abd al-Karim Qasim, en route to Jordan, chose to march on Baghdad instead, where they mounted a coup d'état on 14 July 1958. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Fayṣal II, the grandson of Fayṣal I and great-grandson of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, former sharif of Mecca and king of the Hejaz, became king of Iraq following the untimely death of his father, King Ghāzī.
As oil revenues increased during the 1950s, the king and his advisers chose to invest their wealth in development projects, which some claimed increasingly alienated the rapidly growing middle class and the peasantry. Faisal's father was killed in a mysterious car crash when he was three years old; his uncle 'Abd al-Ilahserved as regent until Faisal came of age in 1953. They were both killed during the 1958 coup.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Amazon Serviços de Varejo do Brasil Ltda. Abdiya bint Abdullah, Sharifa of Mecca (= 11), 14. On July 14, 1958, General ʿAbd al-Karīm Qāsim led a coup that overthrew the monarchy and established Iraq as a republic. Por favor, tente novamente.
This regicide marked the end of the thirty-seven-year-old Hashemite monarchy in Iraq, which then became a republic. Faisal, who had not died during the initial fusillade, was transported to a hospital, but died en route. In November of that year, his cousin Ḥussein ibn Talāl became king of Jordan. Para calcular a classificação geral de estrelas e a análise percentual por estrela, não usamos uma média simples. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Faysal-II, Spartacus Educational - Biography of King Faisal II.  Control over the country passed to a tripartite "Sovereignty Council," composed of representatives of Iraq's three major ethnic groups. He reigned from 4 April 1939 until July 1958, when he was killed during the "14 July Revolution" together with several members of his family. As a child, he suffered from asthma. Meanwhile, Israel's attack on Egypt, coordinated with Britain and France in response to Nasser's nationalisation of the Suez Canal, only exacerbated popular revulsion of the Baghdad Pact – and thus, Faisal's regime. An identical process ensued within the Iraqi officer corps, with the formation of a "Supreme Committee of Free Officers". Fayṣal II, the grandson of Fayṣal I and great-grandson of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, former sharif of Mecca and king of the Hejaz, became king of Iraq following the untimely death of his father, King Ghāzī. Abdiya bint Abdullah, Sharifa of Mecca, 25. Two weeks later, on 14 February, this league formally became the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan. Faisal's childhood coincided with World War II, in which Iraq was formally allied with the British Empire and the Allies. Because Fayṣal was only four years old, his maternal uncle ʿAbd al-Ilāh became regent. List of ranks in the fire, police, jail, and corrections services of the Philippines, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Grand Cordons of the Order of Independence (Jordan), Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Recipients of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, Recipients of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Recipients of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance, Photos of Faisal's 1952 journey to the United States, "IRAQ – Resurgence In The Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite Factors", http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6511/is_2_49/ai_n29160130/, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,761064,00.html, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,868641,00.html, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,810425,00.html, http://www.chiefacoins.com/Database/Countries/Faisal_II.htm, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Faisal_II_of_Iraq?oldid=5236440, 18. Faisal first asked for the hand of Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi, daughter of the Iranian Shah Muhammad Reza Shah, but was turned down by Shahnaz. During World War II, he lived for a time with his mother at Grove Lodge at Winkfield Row in Berkshire in the United Kingdom. Faisal's father was killed in a mysterious car crash when he was three years old; his uncle 'Abd al-Ilah served as regent until Faisal came of age in 1953. Here, they were told to turn towards the wall, where all were immediately machine-gunned by their captors. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What separates the two halves of Malaysia? Faisal initially relied for political advice upon his uncle Prince 'Abd al-Ilah, and General Nuri al-Sa'id, a veteran politician and nationalist who had already served several terms as Prime Minister. (Inglês) Impressão sob demanda (capa comum) – 15 janeiro 2013. Faisal was the only son of Iraq's second king, Ghazi, and his wife Queen Aliya, second daughter of 'Ali bin Hussein, King of the Hijaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca. On May 2, 1953, having gained his majority, King Fayṣal II was enthroned in Baghdad. Faisal II(Arabic: الملك فيصل الثاني Al-Malik Fayṣal Ath-thānī) (2 May 1935 – 14 July 1958) was the last Kingof Iraq. In April 1941, his uncle 'Abd al-Ilah was briefly deposed as Regent by a military coup d'état which aimed to align Iraq with the Axis powers. In 1952, Faisal visited the United States, where he met President Harry Truman, Dean Acheson, the actor James Mason, and Jackie Robinson, among others.
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