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22. We will learn about the infamous Reign of Terror as well… So, let us start with our list of French Revolution facts (remember to read part 1 to understand the whole flow of the article or else, you will feel lost). Years later, I was using her phone when I made an utterly chilling discovery. Marie Antoinette followed her husband to “The National Razor” on October 16, 1793. Includes 5 activities aimed at students 11-14 years old (KS3) & 5 activities aimed at students 14-16 year old (GCSE). Napoleon’s wife Josephine only barely escaped execution herself: her first husband had already been executed, and the day before her trial, the government fell and executions were stayed. The French Revolution Facts & Worksheets The French Revolution facts and information activity worksheet pack and fact file. The assault on the Bastille is now considered a flashpoint of the Revolution, and is still celebrated today in France. When we do, we depend on our loyal, helpful readers to point out how we can do better. They also hoped that through warfare, their ideals would spread through Europe.
Bonaparte went back to France and abolished Directory and replaced the consulate. 25. At Factinate, we’re dedicated to getting things right. It wasn’t all smooth sailing: the so-called “Reign of Terror” followed the initial revolutionary events, starting from around 1793 and ending with the fall of Robespierre in 1794. During the Reign of Terror, many political dissidents or perceived enemies of the Revolution were executed. The inequalities between the rich and the poor brought social and political strife to the forefront, forever changing the landscape of the country and shaping France as we know it today. The revolution came to an end 1799 when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader). This event ended the French Revolution proper and began the Napoleonic era in France.

Again, France was on the losing side of the war and it already lost Belgium and Rhineland. The Revolution brought a degree of religious freedom to France: Prior to the Revolution, it was illegal to be a practicing Protestant or Jew, but after all was said and done, people were able to worship these religions. Among Madame la Guillotine‘s many nicknames were: “The National Razor,” “The Widow,” “The Regretful Climb,” “The Patriotic Shortener,” and “The Silence Mill.”. Our editors are instructed to fact check thoroughly, including finding at least three references for each fact. The French Revolution began on July 14 th , 1789 when the people of France stormed the Bastille in Paris - a royal fort that had been converted to a prison. We’re always looking for your input! We will be moving some content to a new domain. A lot went on in this period, so read on to find out just some of the more notable facts about this time of change and uncertainty in France. No clan is left untouched, and even families that seem happy and normal on…. Stephanie Kelsey loves trivia, but she's terrible at playing Jeopardy. Let’s just…, The Truth Always Comes Out: Dark Family Secrets Exposed, Entrancing Facts About Madame de Pompadour, France's Most Powerful Mistress, These People Got Revenge In The Most Ingenious Ways, Tragic Facts About Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII’s First Wife, 42 Behind-The-Scenes Facts About Daniel Radcliffe, 42 Larger-Than-Life Facts About Andre the Giant, Well, That Backfired: Romantic Gestures Gone Horribly Wrong.

Okay…here in this part of the article on the Revolution of 1789 (popularly known as French Revolution), we will pick up from where we left. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. The country would be governed as a dictatorship, republic, constitutional monarchy, and two different empires before reaching equilibrium.

All of the discourse in France had consequences internationally. Rhineland and Holland were captured. During the French Revolution many people were sent to The Guillotine to be beheaded. When she’s not getting questions wrong, you can find her following her cat around or digging into a plate of nachos. But Bonaparte couldn’t attack Great Britain directly so he threatened British in India by occupying Egypt. Great for home … He was known for sending his opponents and others to the Guillotine. The French nobility wore knee-length silk breeches, whereas the lower class militiamen wore long trousers, short-skirted coats, clogs, and red caps that symbolized liberty. Prussian forces were defeated at Valmy. After the victory, the terror and revolutionary reforms were abolished and the one who started the “Reign of Terror”, Robespierre was thrown away from the National Convention on 27th July, 1794 and on the very next day he was executed. When the French Revolution began and the Bastille was stormed on July 14. It began on July 14, 1789 when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. 25 French Revolution Facts You Should Know.

They even raised an army which had a million soldiers. The poor had to pay taxes to the king while the rich did not. At this time in France, people of the poorer classes were members of what was called the “Third Estate” in French legislature. On July 11, 1789, finance minister Jacques Necker, who was already not in good standing with the King, was fired for suggesting that the royal family go on a budget to help conserve funds. She then lived to meet Napoleon in 1795. Napoleon Bonaparte would take advantage of the situation after Robespierre’s death, rising to power and taking control of France quickly in the years that followed. On the very same day, a new assembly was formed. 1.

The French revolutionaries stormed the Bastille in search of gunpowder; they were not as interested in the prisoners. Bonaparte officially declared the end of French Revolution. Such disputes were settled by coups d’état (violent takeover of an existing government by a group). It is estimated that as many as 40,000 people were executed at The Guillotine during the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror that followed. The Revolution spurred the counter-Enlightenment and Romantic movements in Germany, while more than a century later the French Revolution would give some of the blueprints for the Russian Revolution of 1917. National Convention ordered that King Louis XVI to be sentenced to death for treason (the King was condemned to death on 20th January, 1793 and was executed the next day using a guillotine) and the queen was ordered to be guillotined after 9 months. Rhineland and Holland were captured. In 1794 he was captured and beheaded himself. At first other countries were neutral but when they realized that their own people might go against them taking inspiration from France (especially after National Constituent Assembly proclaimed the international law of right to self-determination) and French Revolution by which they regained the papal region of Avignon on 13th September, 1791, they started actively supporting the counterrevolutionaries.

With this renewed spirit, France waged a war against Austria on 20th ,April, 1792.
On the same day Feudalism was abolished, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was created, building off of Enlightenment ideals and seeking to create a government that had equal representation and free speech.

In the second phase of the war from September 1792 to April 1793, France occupied Belgium, Savoy, Nice and Rhineland. Bonaparte had initial success by occupying Malta and Egypt but was defeated in the Battle of Nile on 1st August, 1798. He was executed on July 28, 1794. The nobles and clergy went to an extent where they would change the constitution as well. Catherine of Aragon was King Henry VIII’s first wife and longest-lasting Queen of England. On November 9, 1799 Bonaparte staged a coup d’état that abolished the Directory, the government in power at the time; he then pronounced himself as “first consul” of France. 19. 10.

Prior to the beginning of the French Revolution peasants were so poor and the cost of food so high that many starved to death. Here the Montagnards drove away Girondins and ruled till 27th, July, 1794. “A great revolution is never the fault of the people, but of the government.” —Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. This came in handy during the Revolution as the pair tried to make their escape, but there was one flaw in the plan: the king’s face was stamped on all gold coinage.

My mom never told me how her best friend died. Charles Dickens wrote a book that was set during the French Revolution titled. But the King didn’t support these revolutionaries fully. Influential radicals like Robespierre weren’t entirely thrilled when the king was given royal veto power and the ability to appoint ministers. King Louis XVI was beheaded on January 12. French Revolution Facts The French Revolution was a time of political and social rebellion in France that began in 1789 because of the inequalities that existed between the rich and poor. We want our readers to trust us.

Thanks for your help! Under the leadership of Bonaparte, France emerged victorious in almost all the wars she waged. In this calendar, each month had three weeks, each week at 10 days, each day had 10 hours, and each hour had a 100 minutes. But the Montagnards were ready to tackle all these protests by their “Reign of Terror” which spanned from 5th September, 1793 to 27th July, 1974 where they imprisoned more than 300,000 suspects and 17000 of them were given death sentence and many of the prisoners were executed without trial. While the poor in France were starving the wealthy lived a life of extravagance. The king was beheaded on January 12, 1793. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. With the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797, Austria had to give in. A person could not work to become wealthy - it could only happen by birth. Although Catherine's successor Queen Anne Boleyn suffered an infamously dark fate, Aragon's own life was somehow even more tragic. In the end, the French Revolution would lead to a century full of instability, with two more Revolutions taking place. The constitution which was framed by the National Convention placed executive powers in the hands of 5 members (known as Directory) and legislative powers to two chambers called as Council of Five Hundred and Council of Ancients, together known as Corps Législatif. 2. They made it as far as the border before being recognized. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette kept their identities secret from the people of France, and only guests who stayed at Versailles really knew what they looked like. The guillotine was the preferred method for execution in these years, and France only abolished capital punishment in 1981. The revolution brought down their king and made France a republic—a country ruled by the people.

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