Vegetable, in the broadest sense, any kind of plant life or plant product, namely “vegetable matter”; in common, narrow usage, the term vegetable usually refers to the fresh edible portions of certain herbaceous plants—roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruit, or seeds. Certain nutrients in carrots may also have cancer-fighting properties. "Eat your vegetables!" Research suggests that lycopene can help prevent prostate cancer. Especially antioxidant vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E) and dietary fiber content have important roles in human health. Vegetables can be eaten either raw or cooked and play an important role in human nutrition, being mostly low in fat and carbohydrates, but high in vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. Among the edible tubers, or underground stems, are potatoes. Though familiar types, including the radish, turnip, and onion, are known to have been in cultivation from early times, it is fairly supposed that they were meagre and would bear little clear resemblance to modern equivalents.…, Fresh fruits and vegetables soften after 24 hours in a watery solution and begin a slow, mixed fermentation-putrefaction. Depending on the type of vegetable concerned, harvesting the crop is followed by grading, storing, processing, and marketing. Both leafy vegetables are abundant in vitamins, mineral, and other components that alleviate skin-damaging factors. Harvesting root vegetables when they are fully mature improves their storage life, but alternatively, these root crops can be left in the ground and harvested over an extended period. Kohli, Pawanexh (2008) "Why Cold Chain for Vegetables" in, International Organization for Standardization, "Variety in fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of lung cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition", "Naturally Occurring Toxins in Vegetables and Fruits", "Attribution of Foodborne Illness, 1998–2008", "Use of nuclear energy to preserve man's food", "Table 27 Top vegetable producers and their productivity", "ISO 1991-1:1982: Vegetables – Nomenclature", "67.080.20: Vegetables and derived products", List of top international rankings by country, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, An Essay on Abstinence from Animal Food, as a Moral Duty, Moral Inquiries on the Situation of Man and of Brutes, Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian, Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vegetable&oldid=983019632, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, root, leaves, seed pods, seed oil, sprouting, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 19:27. One small study reports that men with high cholesterol who drank 150 milliliters of kale juice per day for 12 weeks experienced: Other research suggests that kale juice reduces blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/vegetable, Eatforhealth.gov.au - Vegetables and Legumes / Beans, University of Minnesota Extension - Vegetable, vegetable - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), vegetable - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The alternate definition of the term is applied somewhat arbitrarily, often by culinary and cultural tradition. In anemia, sudden fatigue and dizziness are common, and if not given the required amount of iron, the condition could get worse. Other potent antioxidants in tomatoes, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, may protect vision.
These plant parts are either eaten fresh or prepared in a number of ways, usually as a savory, rather than sweet, dish. On the other hand, just keep reading for an A to Z list of popular (and lesser known) vegetables. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Nutritionists often recommend regular consumption of leafy green vegetables because they are abundant in health-beneficial components. , The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) sets international standards to ensure that products and services are safe, reliable, and of good quality.  Storage of fruit and vegetables in controlled atmospheres with high levels of carbon dioxide or high oxygen levels can inhibit microbial growth and extend storage life.
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