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By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In legend, Menelaus is wealthy and hospitable but he is also one of the main reasons the war happened in the first place.
See an analysis of the poem by Gumpert, Grafting Helen, 92, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Menelaus&oldid=964590274, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. An officer named Sostrates was sent by Antiochus with a troop of Cyprian soldiers to subdue any opposition that might be attempted by the followers of the deposed high priest Jason and to collect at the same time the sum Menelaus had promised. The two warriors draw lots to see who will have first throw with their spear. Still captive, Proteus transforms himself into water and finally a tree. License. In Book 3, Menelaus challenges Paris to a duel for Helen’s return. A biographical memoir of the late Sir Peter Parker, baronet, captain... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 106 et seq. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Map of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East, c. 1300 BCEby Jan van der Crabben (CC BY-NC-SA). This Menelaus did, and having there erected a monument to his brother, whose death he learned from Proteus, he, next to Odysseus, the last of the heroes, returned home, and arrived at Sparta on the very day on which Orestes was engaged in burying Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. The tomb was built c. 700 BCE near a 15th-century BCE Mycenaean ‘palace’ and consisted of a large rectangle of ashlar blocks with a small temple, all set on a mound and approached by a ramp. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 13 Mar 2020. The Mycenaean civilization of Greece and the Hittites of Anatolia likely frequently clashed over control of trade routes and attempts at colonization in the region, although it is highly unlikely such a decade-long war as the Trojan War ever took place. There are four versions of Menelaus’ and Helen’s reunion on the night of the sack of Troy: Menelaus sought out Helen in the conquered city. Finally, at Therapne near Sparta, the king was part of a cult along with Helen with whom he was believed to share a tomb. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Meanwhile, Jason had not abandoned his claims to the high-priesthood, and while (170) Antiochus was waging war against Egypt he succeeded in making himself master of Jerusalem and in forcing Menelaus to seek refuge in the citadel.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Menelaus is fond of Megapenthes and Nicostratus, his sons by slave women.

The Iliad ends there but the story continues in such sources as the Epic Cycle (7th-6th century BCE) with Achilles being struck and killed by an arrow to his heel, fired by Paris. He was the successor of Jason, the brother of Onias III. After a back-and-forth struggle that featured adultery, incest, and cannibalism, Thyestes gained the throne after his son Aegisthus murdered Atreus. When visited by Odysseus’ son Telemachus, Menelaus recounts his voyage home. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Menelaus-Greek-mythology.
In Book 4, while the Greeks and Trojans squabble over the duel’s winner, Athena inspires the Trojan Pandarus to shoot Menelaus with his bow and arrow. The Spartan king alongside Helen (typically in confrontation) or leading her away or in the act of reconciliation, and the duel with Paris were popular themes for both red- and black-figure pottery painters. In the Iliad, Menelaus is portrayed as a courageous fighter and man of honour but he is not quite put in the top rank of warriors. Although during the three years of his pontificate Jason had given many proofs of his attachment to the Hellenistic party (by building a gymnasium in Jerusalem and by introducing many Greek customs) the Hellenists of the stamp of the Tobiads plotted his overthrow, suspecting him of partiality to traditional Judaism. The Greek army does anyway lay siege to the city of Troy despite the Trojans insisting that Helen is not there but in Egypt. Unable to gain favourable winds to get home, Menelaus makes trips to Cyprus and then the city of Sidon in Phoenicia, land of fine textiles and silverware, some of which the Spartan receives as souvenirs.

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