From 1828 to 1860, the Cherokee people were led by the remarkable Native American John Ross. ." Historical People Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Ross became a leader of the faction of the tribe that opposed removal, and he led in challenging the state ruling before the U.S. Supreme Court. entrusted by Indian Agent Return Meigs with an important mission In the nineteenth century, the Cherokee shifted from a tribal government to a republic based on that of the United States. New His trading post made him very prosperous, more so than most Indians, and most white men as well. Having grown up with warfare, ethnic violence, and genocide between various Indian tribes and the Cherokee and between European-Americans and the Cherokee, Ross had witnessed the destructive effects of violence on the Cherokee nation and had also seen the disastrous results of the armed struggles of other Indian tribes against the European-Americans. The treaty claimed to speak for the Cherokee nation, though it was not approved by the tribal council or Chief John Ross. ." Georgia Public Radio® GPTV®. Ross presided over the birth of Cherokee Nation, the removal of his people from their homeland, and the founding of a new nation in a distant place. he was elected to ten successive terms of four years each as Despite their embrace of many aspects of U.S. society, Ross and his people wished to preserve Cherokee sovereignty—a goal the U.S. and Georgia governments would not accept. Ross, a man with the legend touch, walked tall upon the earth He almost won the fight. the American Revolution at what is now Rossville, Georgia, just New York: Anchor Press, Doubleday.
By the 1830s many members of the Cherokee nation were among the wealthiest individuals in what is now north Georgia. Throughout the long and hard battle, Ross' people trusted him, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. This move caused some Confederate sympathizers in the tribe to dispute his right as chief. Encyclopedia of World Biography. of life, including John Howard Payne who once shared a jail He never lost sight of the welfare of the people. As the head of the largest branch of the Cherokee nation from 1828 to 1866, John Ross led the Cherokee through a period of profound cultural change. 1996. homeland: a usually large area where a particular group of people can live, The Trail of Tears: a series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. The Reverend John F. Schermerhorn, who was appointed by Jackson as commissioner in charge of convincing the Cherokee to leave Georgia, met with the Cherokee leaders and offered to pay them for ceding their lands. The Cherokee were split between the treaty party, led by Major Ridge, who were willing to accept the government's offer, and those like Ross, who were against the offer. He settled near Park Hill in Oklahoma, where he erected a mansion and farmed, using his many slaves to cultivate his fields. "He never sacrificed the interests of is nation to expediency. google_ad_channel = ""; This often resulted in years of feuding between clans. He died while negotiating a treaty for his tribe in Washington, D.C., on Aug. 1, 1866. The Souther…, John Paul II Institute on Marriage and Family, John S. Williams and Clyde Manning Trials: 1921, https://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ross-john, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/john-ross, Cherokee Indian Cases Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 5 Peters 1 (1831) Worcester v. Georgia 6 Peters 515 (1832), American Indian Resistance to White Expansion.
was forever Cherokee-minded. After their arrival in the Indian Territory, Ross was chosen Under the arrangement, the nation was divided into eight districts. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Described as the Moses of his people,Hicks, p. 353 Ross influenced the former Indian nation through such …
." In 1827 the Cherokee nation adopted a republican constitution, written by Ross and modeled after the U.S. Constitution.