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This article is about the 1944–1945 operation. This attempt to cripple the Allied air forces based in northwestern Europe was known as Operation Bodenplatte, which failed without having achieved any of its key objectives. Germans and Americans each occupying parts of the villages while civilians sheltered in cellars. Battle of Wingen-sur-Moder Operation Nordwind by Colonel Wallace Robert Cheves. Operation North Wind (Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front. Dezember 1944 bis 25. There is not a matter of prestige involved here. Order of battle for Operation Nordwind. On January 7 Luck approached the line south of Wissembourg at the villages of Rittershoffen and Hatten. On 25 January the German offensive was halted, after the US 222nd Infantry Regiment stopped their advance near Haguenau, and earning the Presidential Unit Citation in the process. Operation Nordwind (German: Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front. It began on 31 December 1944 in Rhineland-Palatinate, Alsace and Lorraine in southwestern Germany and northeastern France, and ended on 25 January 1945. Hatten and Rittershoffen are neighbouring villages in the French province of Alsace, near the German border. This is a great story of a famous battle of World War II involving regiments of the 70th Division. It ended on 25 January 1945. Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers, French First Army[4] 1 / 5. Operation Nordwind was launched by German ground forces on 31 December 1944 against U.S. and French ground forces in the Rhineland-Palatinate and the Alsace and Lorraine regions of southwestern Germany and northeastern France as part of the European Theatre in World War II. The Operation Nordwind plan called for Lt. Gen. Hans von Obstfelder’s German First Army to attack southward from the West Wall and into France, through Bitche, the Saverne Gap, and the Wissembourg Gap (the latter the site of first German success in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870) between the Low and High Vosges Mountains of Alsace-Lorraine, and link up with another thrust … Heavy American fire came from the 79th Infantry Division, the 14th Armoured Division, plus elements of the 42nd Infantry Division. Strasbourg was saved but the Colmar Pocket was a danger which had to be eliminated. Operation Nordwind began on the last day of 1944; elements of two German army groups attacked the U.S. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Seventh and French First Armies in the snowy Vosges Mountains of northeastern France near the German border. A great story of leadership, courage, and fortitude in their struggle against the 6th SS Mountain Division. This is the order of battle of German and Allied forces during Operation Nordwind in World War II. The 7th Army—at the orders of U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower—had sent troops, equipment, and supplies north to reinforce the American armies in the Ardennes involved in the Battle of the Bulge. Like the battle in the Ardennes, the Americans were initially pushed back, but their opponents could not sustain their effort, leading to defeat by the end of the month. For the 1941 operation, see, Grandes Unités Françaises, Vol. Died of pneumonia approx. Order of Battle for Operation Nordwind Lieutenant General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny[d], Army Group Upper Rhine[5] By 15 January at least 17 German divisions (including units in the Colmar Pocket) from Army Group G and Army Group Oberrhein, including the 6th SS Mountain, 17th SS Panzergrenadier, 21st Panzer, and 25th Panzergrenadier Divisions were engaged in the fighting. Seventh Army and French 1st Army in the Upper Vosges mountains and the Alsatian Plain, and destroy them, as well as the seizure of Strasbourg, which Himmler had promised would be captured by 30 January. Patch[a], Army Group G[3] Here the Maginot Line ran east–west, and now "showed what a superb fortification it was". YouTube Encyclopedic. Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers, US Seventh Army[2] Sixth Army Group[1] On January 10 Luck reached the villages. Views: 8 377. Order of battle for Operation Nordwind. The German offensive was an operational failure, with its main objectives not achieved. Lieutenant General Alexander McC. Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, Nineteenth Army I just spoke to him and he does recall (if his memory serves him correctly) some panzers/tanks with flame throwers. On 31 December 1944, German Army Group G—commanded by Generaloberst Johannes Blaskowitz—and Army Group Oberrhein ("Upper Rhein")—commanded by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler—launched a major offensive against the thinly stretched, 110-kilometre-long (68 mi) front line held by the U.S. 7th Army. Another smaller attack was made against the French positions south of Strasbourg, but it was finally stopped. The 125th Regiment of the 21st Panzer Division under Colonel Hans von Luck aimed to sever the American supply line to Strasbourg, by cutting across the eastern foothills of the Vosges at the northwest base of a natural salient in a bend of the River Rhine. V-III, p. 801, sfn error: no target: CITEREFAmbrose1997 (, United States Army Center of Military History, Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Operation_Nordwind&oldid=985117445, Battles of World War II involving the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 01:54. Generaloberst Johannes Blaskowitz, First Army It began on 31 December 1944 in Alsace and Lorraine in northeastern France, and ended on 25 January. It began on 31 December 1944 in Rhineland-Palatinate, Alsace and Lorraine in southwestern Germany and northeastern France, and ended on 25 January 1945. Januar 1945 im Elsass und in Lothringen die letzte … 375 783. The German offensive was an operational failure, with its main objectives not achieved. .This is the order of battle of German and Allied forces during Operation Nordwind in World War II. The U.S. VI Corps—which bore the brunt of the German attacks—was fighting on three sides by 15 January. But their arrival was delayed, and on 21 January with supplies and ammunition short, Seventh Army ordered the much-depleted 79th and 14th Divisions to retreat from Rittershoffen and fall back on new positions on the south bank of the Moder River. Operation Nordwind (German: Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front. It ended on 25 January 1945. This German operation, starting soon after the Battle of the Bulge, ran from 1-25 January 1945. Order of Battle for Operation Nordwind [Surhone, Lambert M.] on Amazon.com.au. Generalleutnant Hans von Obstfelder, Sixth Army Group (cont.) I'm reading over the article he wrote regarding the operation and the following is a list of the three German Panzer units assembled for the battle. The initial Nordwind attack was conducted by three corps of the German 1st Army of Army Group G, and by 9 January, the XXXIX (39th) Panzer Corps was heavily engaged as well. General der Infanterie Siegfried Rasp. By 21 December 1944, the German momentum during the Battle of the Bulge had begun to dissipate and it was evident the operation was on the brink of failure; it was believed an attack against the United States Seventh Army in southern France, which had extended its lines and taken on a defensive posture to cover the area vacated by the United States Third Army (which turned north to assist at the site of the German breakthrough), could relieve pressure on German forces in the Ardennes. It is a matter of destroying and exterminating the enemy forces wherever we find them. Operation Nordwind was launched by German ground forces on 31 December 1944 against U.S. and French ground forces in the Rhineland-Palatinate and the Alsace and Lorraine regions of southwestern Germany and northeastern France as part of the European Theatre in World War II. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "[3]:499, The goal of the offensive was to break through the lines of the U.S. On the same day that the German Army launched Operation Nordwind, the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) committed almost 1,000 aircraft in support. Later successfully led French forces against the, United States Army Center of Military History, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Order_of_battle_for_Operation_Nordwind&oldid=986141389, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 01:31. [6] In a briefing at his military command complex at Adlerhorst, Adolf Hitler declared in his speech to his division commanders on 28 December 1944 (three days prior to the launch of Operation Nordwind): "This attack has a very clear objective, namely the destruction of the enemy forces. Eisenhower, fearing the outright destruction of the U.S. 7th Army, had rushed already battered divisions hurriedly relieved from the Ardennes, southeast over 100 km (62 mi), to reinforce the 7th Army. 5-1/2 months after the end of the war in Europe. Two weeks of heavy fighting followed. (en) Das Unternehmen Nordwind war im Zweiten Weltkrieg bei den Kampfhandlungen vom 31. Division, 71st. 140 912. This website contains a study into the Battle of Hatten-Rittershoffen during the late war German military offensive known as Operation Nordwind. This is the order of battle of German and Allied forces during Operation Nordwind in World War II Contents 1 Allied Forces 1.1 Sixth Army Group (Devers) 1.1.1 US Seventh Army (Patch) Infantry during Operation Nordwind. Operation Nordwind soon had the understrength U.S. 7th Army in dire straits. This was the same day that the reinforcements began to arrive from the Ardennes. -Video is targeted to blind users. Luck later said that the fighting around Rittershoffen had been "one of the hardest and most costly battles that ever raged".[7]. Rittershoffen and Hatten the reinforcements began to arrive from the Ardennes attack was against! Famous battle of German and Allied forces during operation Nordwind Division, goal! December 1944 in Alsace and Lorraine in northeastern France, and ended on 25.! The brunt of the Bulge, ran from 1-25 January 1945 if memory. Of Alsace, near the German attacks—was fighting on three sides by 15 January objectives not achieved is not matter! 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