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This widespread usage and addiction is contributing to tens of thousands of deaths each year, with numbers consistently rising. Drug-Involved Overdose Deaths. Drug availability is a major factor in any addiction and overdose crisis. Drug Enforcement Administration. Overdose Data to Action (OD2A) is a 3-year cooperative agreement through which CDC funds health departments in 47 states, Washington DC, two territories, and 16 cities and counties for surveillance and prevention efforts. It is also administered to alleviate severe pain associated with terminal illnesses,  like cancer for instance. Rates increased across demographic groups and all five U.S. regions, with largest increases in the Southwest, Midwest, and West (approximately 7%–11% per quarter). Heroin is the second most easily attainable illicit drug in the United States after marijuana. Rates increased among persons aged ≥65 years, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics. Atlanta, GA: CDC, National Center for Health Statistics; 2020. That is a 21% increase from last year alone. Free & confidential, Home » Opioid Addiction and Treatment » The Statistics on Opioid Overdose Deaths in 2019. Retrieved from https://www.dea.gov/documents/2018/10/02/2018-national-drug-threat-assessment-ndta, (844) 899-5777 Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/statedeaths.html, CDC. A 2014 study in JAMA Psychiatry found 75% of heroin users in treatment started with painkillers, and a 2015 analysis by the CDC found people who are addicted to painkillers are 40 times more likely to be addicted to heroin. We must bring this epidemic to an end.”. Of the 39 jurisdictions included in the analyses, 11 states and the District of Columbia saw decreased rates of death involving opioids overall. Opioids were involved in more than 46,000 drug overdose deaths in 2018. Findings note: CDC continues to work closely with other federal agencies to support the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Five-point Strategy to prevent and respond to drug overdoses, specifically those involving opioids. (404) 639-3286. Over time, the opioid fentanyl has also risen in popularity, and has steadily found its way into heroin and illicit, synthetic painkillers. The combination of prescription opioid abuse and the availability of illicit opioids is a double-edged sword that has fueled the surge in opioid overdose deaths in the past few years. In the United States, the life expectancy is going down and the death toll is going up. Read more about CDC’s role in the opioid overdose epidemic. Fentanyl is cheap and easy … The life expectancy in the United States has also decreased, given that the opioid crisis is targeting so much of our youth. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. This analysis provides a more detailed understanding of the increase in different categories of opioid deaths. The following graphs show past-year opioid misuse among youth in 2016.

Of the 39 jurisdictions included in the analyses, 11 states and the District of Columbia saw decreased rates of death involving opioids overall. Prescription opioid use is a risk factor for heroin use. The highest rate increases occurred in large central metropolitan areas. Fentanyl law enforcement submissions and increases in synthetic opioid-involved overdose deaths—27 states, 2013–2014. This rate increased on average by 5.6% per quarter. The number of drug overdose deaths decreased by 4% from 2017 to 2018, but the number of drug overdose deaths was still four times higher in 2018 than in 1999. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2016, 64,070 people died from drug overdoses. The following map shows the prescribing rate per 100 persons in each U.S. state. Gladden M, O’Donnell J, Mattson C, Seth P. Kariisa M, Scholl L, Wilson N, Seth P, Hoots B. The horrific reality of the opioid epidemic is the transition into opioid addiction and abuse of other, more potent, illicit drugs. Opioids are responsible for over a hundred deaths every single day. In recent years, illicitly produced fentanyl has been a driving factor in the nation’s number of overdose deaths. Rates remained stable in the Northeast and South, decreased in the Midwest, and increased in the West. Rates of deaths involving natural and semi-synthetic opioids and methadone are combined in one category called Commonly Prescribed Opioids. This is a public health care crisis that is affecting people worldwide. CDC is working with states, territories, and cities and counties across the country to continue surveillance and prevention efforts. Opioids have devastating effects on pregnant women and newborn babies. By understanding drug involvement, we can better identify appropriate prevention and response activities. As users developed tolerances for the heroin, dealers in search of something cheaper and even stronger began mixing in illicit fentanyl — a synthetic drug that in its legal form is sometimes used in anesthesia to prevent surgical pain. Synthetic opioids are becoming increasingly popular, considering the potency and affordability. The following multiple cause of death codes were used to identify specific drug types: T40.2 for natural and semi-synthetic opioid analgesics, T40.3 for methadone, T40.4 for synthetic opioid analgesics excluding methadone, T40.1 for heroin, and T40.0, T40.1, T40.2, T40.3, T40.4 or T40.6 for any opioid, and T40.2, T40.3 for prescription opioids. The number of emergency department visits can act as an early warning sign for opioid abuse. The drug is 50 times the strength of heroin, so much smaller packages can be transported to make the same amount of money that a large amount of heroin could make. Doctors often prescribe more than a patient might need, and the excess is put away on shelves where other people can access them, or the pills are given away to family and friends. Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illicit drug heroin as well as the prescription pain relievers oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, fentanyl and more [X]. These drugs can cause serious addiction and mental health problems. For this reason, a number of individuals become dependent on it. 2019 National Drug Threat Assessment. The percentage increase of opioid overdoses nationwide, between 2016 and 2017. The percentage of annual drug-related deaths caused by opioids. And 33.3% began with heroin in 2015, up from 8.7% in 2005. All Rights Reserved. Rates increased in the Northeast and the West and decreased in the Midwest and the South. Prescription opioids, illicit heroin, and powerful synthetic opioids like fentanyl have created a spike in overdose deaths that continues to rise year after year. Overdoses involving prescription and illicit opioids take the lives of 128 people every day.

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