Also in 1841, Sir George Simpson, governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, reversed the Hudson's Bay Company's long-standing policy of discouraging settlement because it interfered with the lucrative fur trade. Mountains, plateaus, plains, and valleys of different geologic ages and materials are arrayed in countless combinations, including such natural wonders as the Columbia River Gorge, Oregon Caves National Monument, Crater Lake National Park, the majestic snow-covered peaks of the Cascade Range, and the central Oregon “moon country” (lava fields that served as a training site for astronauts in the U.S. space program in the 1960s). What Indonesian city was originally named Batavia? [32] Oregon is the top timber producer of the lower 48 states. We've got you covered with our map collection. Eugene is home to three private colleges: Northwest Christian University, New Hope Christian College, and Gutenberg College. The web services and tools provided here are currently in the beta stage.

[4] The gross domestic product (GDP) of Oregon in 2013 was $219.6 billion, a 2.7% increase from 2012; Oregon is the 25th wealthiest state by GDP. At Oregon State University, the disparity between men and women on campus is far lower than the national average. Schools that rank high in diversity metrics are those with the greatest variety in ethnicity, gender, age, and geographic location of origin.

Data collected during the census is critical for helping guide how many dollars in federal assistance Oregon will receive over the next 10 years to fund our schools, hospitals and roads. About 15,000 years ago, the Columbia repeatedly flooded much of Oregon during the Missoula Floods; the modern fertility of the Willamette Valley is largely the result. Both schools have had recent success in other sports as well: Oregon State won back-to-back college baseball championships in 2006 and 2007,[222] winning a third in 2018;[223] and the University of Oregon won back-to-back NCAA men's cross country championships in 2007 and 2008. We combine elements of racial, geographic, age and gender diversity to create a total diversity grade for every school.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. We've calculated the geographic diversity of each school by looking at where undergrads resided before they came to this school. It is the ninth largest state in the United States.

In the northeastern region of the state, particularly around Pendleton, both irrigated and dry land wheat is grown. Like all U.S. states, Oregon is represented by two senators. To learn more, see the Oregon State International Student Page. [10], Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is largely powered by various forms of agriculture, fishing, and hydroelectric power.

[174], The state's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, has declined from 95.8% in 1970 to 77.8% in 2012.[175][176].

State Population By Race, Ethnicity Data. Bend, near the geographic center of the state, is one of the ten fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States. In 1778, British captain James Cook also explored the coast.[61]. [citation needed] More recently, 2004's Measure 37 reflects a backlash against such land-use laws.

[83], In 1994, Oregon became the first U.S. state to legalize physician-assisted suicide through the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. [166] Oregon was also the top moving destination in 2013,[167] and the second-most popular destination in 2010 through 2012. Medford is also home to the national headquarters of Lithia Motors. [59][60] Exploration continued routinely in 1774, starting with the expedition of the frigate Santiago by Juan José Pérez Hernández, and the coast of Oregon became a valuable trade route to Asia. During the prehistoric period, the Willamette Valley region was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from then Lake Missoula, located in what would later become Montana. Oregon lies in two time zones. In following years, the primary election to select party candidates was adopted in 1904, and in 1908 the Oregon Constitution was amended to include recall of public officials. The state supreme court has seven elected justices, currently including the only two openly gay state supreme court justices in the nation. The University of Portland and Marylhurst University are both Catholic universities located in or near Portland, affiliated with the Congregation of Holy Cross, and the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, respectively. [177] Of the state's total population, 22.6% was under the age 18, and 77.4% were 18 or older. [194], Projections from the U.S. Census Bureau show Oregon's population increasing to 4,833,918 by 2030, an increase of 41.3% compared to the state's population of 3,421,399 in 2000. According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 12.4% of Oregon's population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (10.4%), Puerto Rican (0.3%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.5%). Need a reference? However, 2007 legislation funded the university system far beyond the governor's requested budget though still capping tuition increases at 3% per year. Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.

If you feel more comfortable on a campus with a relatively equal balance of males and females, this may be the school for you. Of the measures placed on the ballot since 1902, the people have passed 99 of the 288 initiatives and 25 of the 61 referendums on the ballot, though not all of them survived challenges in courts (see Pierce v. Society of Sisters, for an example). During the same period, the legislature has referred 363 measures to the people, of which 206 have passed.

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