The chapters address the most important issues explored by contemporary world historians. The Oxford Handbook of World History presents thirty-two essays by leading historians in their respective fields. Oxford Handbooks offer authoritative and up-to-date surveys of original research in a particular subject area. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. To many others throughout the twentieth and into the twenty-first century, world history has meant foreign history—the history of peoples and societies other than one's own. This task involves unthinking some perspectives on the world that have conditioned the foundations of professional historical scholarship itself. Two main alternative strategies have emerged to deal with the problem. David Heska Wanbli Weiden knew just what he’d be doing as the August launch of his debut novel, Winter Counts, was approaching. While addressing themes quite different from those of traditional political and diplomatic history, for example, social historians and feminist scholars have cast their studies mostly within the frameworks of national communities. Specially commissioned essays from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates, as well as a foundation for future research. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Highly recommended but expensive to buy. cross-cultural trade, (p. 3) Furthermore, as the dominant philosopher of his age, who placed historical development on the philosopher's agenda, Hegel deeply influenced both the conception of history and the understanding of its purpose precisely at the moment when it was winning recognition as a professional scholarly discipline capable of yielding accurate and reliable knowledge about the past. You just did! Mudimbe, and Jean O'Barr, eds., Africa and the Disciplines: The Contributions of Research in Africa to the Social Sciences and Humanities (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993). Remedies for fixation on the nation-state as a focus of historical analysis are more straightforward than those for Eurocentric assumptions. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, The Oxford Handbook of World History (Oxford Handbooks). These broadly fall into four categories: conceptions of the global past, themes in world history, processes of world history, regions in world history. objectivity. Rent and save from the world's largest eBookstore. environment, : Bobbs-Merrill, 1973), 160–4. Those chapters on conceptions deal with issues of space and time as treated in the field of world history as well as questions of method, epistemology, the historiography of the area, and globalization as viewed from historical perspective. The turn toward the global in the form of the new world history does not represent a cure-all, either for historical scholarship or for the more general effort to understand the larger world. It is by no means the only way or the most popular way by which the world's peoples have sought to come to terms with the past. In an influential article of 1992, Dipesh Chakrabarty offered a darkly pessimistic view of the resulting historiography and its potential to deal responsibly with the world beyond Europe. The new world history has emerged as one of the more promising disciplinary venues for efforts to deal with both Europe and the larger world without taking Europe as an unproblematic starting point or universal standard for historical analysis. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. (20.) Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, The Philosophy of History, trans. (2.) He’d... To see what your friends thought of this book, World History is a fairly young branch in the big tree of the historical research. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published Yet, in the absence of any alternative approach capable of achieving absolute objectivity or yielding perfect knowledge, professional historical scholarship, in spite of its problems, is the most reliable, most responsible, and most constructive mode of dealing with the past. These broadly fall into four categories: conceptions of the global past, themes in world history, processes of world history, and regions in world history. To the contrary, it is fraught with logical, epistemological, moral, and other kinds of difficulties. How did professional historical scholarship acquire its ideological birthmarks? The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History offers a detailed comparative study of urban development from ancient times to the present day. The turn toward the global in the form of the new world history has become an essential perspective for contemporary thinking about the past. Obscure individuals like Robert Benjamin Lewis and William Wells Brown published world histories from African perspectives, while prominent figures like H. G. Wells and Jawaharlal Nehru essayed comprehensive surveys of the global past.14. They are NOT HOSTED on our Servers. © Oxford University Press, 2018. Philosophical interpretation is left to the reader's bias. Others have drawn inspiration exclusively from the social theories, especially Marxist and Weberian, that were characteristic cultural productions of European modernity. Some efforts at world history have assimilated readily to the familiar Eurocentric assumptions considered earlier. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, 47–65.Find this resource: —— . It is not necessary to accept all the dire implications drawn by Chakrabarty and some other postcolonial critics to recognize that it is indeed problematic procedure to universalize categories of analysis that originated as culturally specific concepts in one society and then apply them broadly in studies of societies throughout the world, and to acknowledge further that capitalism, imperialism, and other elements of European modernity have profoundly influenced both the conception and the practice of professional historical scholarship.12 Rather than throwing up hands and jumping to the conclusion that historical scholarship is a vain pursuit, however, a more constructive approach might be to entertain the possibility that professional historians are capable of transcending the original limitations of their discipline. Rather, they work their effects on large transregional, transcultural, and global scales. The philosopher Ibn Khaldun conceived a grand historical sociology of relations between settled and nomadic peoples. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. These broadly fall into four categories: conceptions of the global past, themes in world history, processes of world history, regions in world history. http://users.clas.ufl.edu/harlandj/courses/5934/empire_SP13/JB.PDF, This course will introduce Global History by introducing the concept of the Silk Roads. Cal. Imperial Banality and Postcolonial Power,’ Public Culture 5 (1992), 89–108, quoting from 99–100. of ideas, ideals, ideologies, religious faiths, and cultural traditions. The chapters address the most … Since then, the opening of state, party and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. Many critics have pointed out the distinctly European valence of terms like state and nation, culture and civilization, tradition and modernity, trade, labor, slavery, feudalism, capitalism, and others that have become workhorses of professional historical scholarship.10 When professional historians began to broaden their geographical horizons after the mid-twentieth century and extend historical recognition to lands beyond Europe, they continued to employ these inherited concepts and thus viewed societies in the larger world through the lenses of European categories of analysis. The Birth of the Modern World, 1780–1914: Global Connections and Comparisons. World history and its companions have taken different forms and meant different things at different times to different peoples. Fixation on the nation-state remains a prominent characteristic of professional historical scholarship to the present day. (17.) It shares a semantic and analytical terrain with several alternative approaches, some of which boast long scholarly pedigrees, while others have only recently acquired distinct identities. filters that profoundly influenced professional historians' understanding of the past, their approach to their work, and the results of their studies? Access codes and supplements are not guaranteed with used items. : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991). Chapters dealing with large-scale processes review current thinking on some of the most influential developments of the global past, including mass migrations, cross-cultural trade, biological diffusions, imperial expansion, industrialization, and cultural and religious exchanges. PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). How might professional historians deal constructively with the ideologically tinged discipline they have inherited? Feierman, African Histories and the Dissolution of World History.,' in Robert H. Bates, V.Y. Gender and History, 20:iii (2008), 539–557; Jerry H. Bentley, 'Early. Leopold von Ranke: The Theory and Practice of History. (p. 5) PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). The chapters address the most important issues … By the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, historians in several lands were independently developing protocols for rigorous, critical, evidence-based analysis of the past.2 Yet professional historical scholarship as we know it today—the highly disciplined study of the past centered principally in universities—acquired its identity and achieved institutional form only during the nineteenth century. Cf. In the Enlightenment era, it was true of amateur historians like Voltaire, Montesquieu, and the authors of the English Universal History who managed to compile some sixty-five volumes on the histories of all world regions (1736–65), as well as the professional historians Johann Christoph Gatterer and August Ludwig von Schlözer at the University of Göttingen. The Oxford Handbook of World History presents thirty-three essays by leading historians in their respective fields. Yet their de facto attachment to (9.) Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. state formation, These deeper issues arise from two unintended ideological characteristics that historical scholarship acquired—almost as birthmarks—at the time of its emergence as a professional discipline of knowledge in the mid-nineteenth century: a legacy of Eurocentric assumptions and a fixation on the nation-state as the default and even natural category of historical analysis. He wrote extensively on the cultural history of early modern Europe and on cross-cultural interactions in world history, including Humanists and Holy Writ: New Testament Scholarship in the Renaissance (1983), Politics and Culture in Renaissance Naples (1987). Having identified the issues, however, historians might work toward the construction of historiographies that mitigate even if they cannot entirely eliminate problems arising from Eurocentric ideologies and fixation on the nation-state. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us. One approach, which has taken several distinctive forms, involves a turn to the local in an effort to discover historical meaning in intimate contexts much smaller than the nation-state. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Bayly, C. A. A Global History of Modern Historiography.London: Pearson, 2008.Find this resource: Pomeranz, Kenneth. Notwithstanding the Rankean requirement that historians base their accounts on critically examined documentary evidence, they made the assumption that the national communities of the nineteenth century had deep historical roots reaching back into deep antiquity. Be the first to ask a question about The Oxford Handbook of World History. : Stanford University Press, 2004). In the volume that follows, world historians take up this challenge in four groups of essays on salient topics in the new world history. Yet the turn toward the historical global enables historians to address some significant issues that alternative approaches do not bring into focus.