The central thesis of Feuerbach, and the one which necessarily follows from human displacement, is that God is only a projection of perfected human nature. So the feeling breaks through all the limits of understanding and manifests itself in several religious beliefs. ", Contribution to Critique of Political Economy, Introduction to Programme of French Workers' Party, Address of the Central Committee to the Communist League, Strategy and Tactics of the Class Struggle, Revolution & Counter-Revolution in Germany, The Prussian Military Question and the German Workers' Party.
Hence arise various mistaken beliefs, such as the belief in revelation which he believes not only injures the moral sense, but also "poisons, nay destroys, the divinest feeling in man, the sense of truth", and the belief in sacraments such as the Lord's Supper, which is to him a piece of religious materialism of which "the necessary consequences are superstition and immorality.". For example, Feuerbach is about subjectivism and idealism, whereas Marx is about the physical existence of human beings and things around us.
Feuerbach wants sensuous objects [Objekte], differentiated from thought-objects, but he does not conceive human activity itself as objective [gegenständliche] activity. In 1860 he was compelled by the failure of the porcelain factory to leave Bruckberg, and he would have suffered the extremity of want but for the assistance of friends supplemented by a public subscription. Theses on Feuerbach Karl Marx. … (Thesis 6.) Man must prove the truth, i.e., the reality and power, the this-sidedness [Diesseitigkeit] of his thinking, in practice. He is buried in Johannis-Friedhof Cemetery in Nuremberg, which is also where the artist Albrecht Dürer is interred. Therefore, Feuerbach says, when humans remove all qualities from God, "God is no longer anything more to him than a negative being." He earned his doctorate from Erlangen on 25 July 1828 with his thesis De infinitate, unitate, atque, communitate, rationis (On the Infinitude, Unity, and Universality of Reason), while he habilitated there in November 1828 with his thesis De ratione una, universali, infinita (The One, Universal, and Infinite Reason).. This projection is dubbed as a chimera by Feuerbach, that God and the idea of a higher being is dependent upon the aspect of benevolence. Essentially the thought of Feuerbach consisted in a new interpretation of religion's phenomena, giving an anthropological explanation. The latter must itself be understood in its contradiction and then, by the removal of the contradiction, revolutionised. I. After some years of struggling, during which he published his Geschichte der neueren Philosophie (2 vols., 1833–1837, 2nd ed. A caustic criticism of Feuerbach was delivered in 1844 by Max Stirner. When the diet closed he withdrew to Bruckberg and occupied himself partly with scientific study, partly with the composition of his Theogonie (1857). the view which regards God as having a separate existence over against humankind.
All mysteries which lead theory to mysticism find their rational solution in human practice and in the comprehension of this practice. The force of this attraction to religion though, giving divinity to a figure like God, is explained by Feuerbach as God is a being that acts throughout humans in all forms. The pertinent portions of the books, Feuerbach's reply, and Stirner's counter-reply form an instructive polemic (see external links). "The highest point reached by contemplative [anschauende] materialism, that is, materialism which does not comprehend sensuousness as practical activity, is the contemplation of single individuals and of civil society [bürgerlichen Gesellschaft]. (Thesis 2.) In reality, it is the ensemble of the social relations. (Thesis 1.) The explanations here are original. In two works of this period, Pierre Bayle (1838) and Philosophie und Christentum (1839), which deal largely with theology, he held that he had proven "that Christianity has in fact long vanished not only from the reason but from the life of mankind, that it is nothing more than a fixed idea.".
His work consists in resolving the religious world into its secular basis. "Theology," he wrote to a friend, "I can bring myself to study no more. When the student Feuerbach presented his own theory to professor Hegel, Hegel refused to reply positively to it. Equally though, humans are repulsed by God because, "God alone is the being who acts of himself. Feuerbach maintains that philosophy and religion are highly-evolved forms of anthropology. I long to take nature to my heart, that nature before whose depth the faint-hearted theologian shrinks back; and with nature man, man in his entire quality."  Recently, Feuerbach was reinterpreted as one of the forerunners of modern media theory.  After a long period of decline, he died on September 13, 1872.
Translation of Strauss and Feuerbach—Tour on the Continent", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ludwig_Feuerbach&oldid=977668634, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eduard August Feuerbach (1803–1843), jurisprudence, Rebekka Magdalena "Helene" Feuerbach von Dobeneck (1808–1891), Ludwig Feuerbach, “The Essence of Christianity” in, This page was last edited on 10 September 2020, at 07:03. Religion and Philosophy as anthropology. Works. God "is the principle of [man's] salvation, of [man's] good dispositions and actions, consequently [man's] own good principle and nature." During the period of the Frankfurt Congress he had given public lectures on religion at Heidelberg. His last book, Gottheit, Freiheit und Unsterblichkeit, appeared in 1866 (2nd ed., 1890). Treating of God in his various aspects "as a being of the understanding", "as a moral being or law", "as love" and so on. Following Schleiermacher’s theses, Feuerbach thought religion was principally a matter of feeling in its unrestricted subjectivity. "Feuerbach starts off from the fact of religious self-estrangement [Selbstentfremdung], of the duplication of the world into a religious, imaginary world, and a secular [weltliche] one. Feuerbach was the third son of the eminent jurist Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, brother of mathematician Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach and uncle of painter Anselm Feuerbach. Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach (German: [ˈluːtvɪç ˈfɔʏ̯ɐbax]; 28 July 1804 – 13 September 1872) was a German philosopher and anthropologist best known for his book The Essence of Christianity, which provided a critique of Christianity that strongly influenced generations of later thinkers, including Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Friedrich Engels, Richard Wagner, and Friedrich Nietzsche.
As he states: In the consciousness of the infinite, the conscious subject has for his object the infinity of his own nature.
These principles, combined with his embarrassed manner of public speaking, debarred him from academic advancement. He overlooks the fact that after completing this work, the chief thing still remains to be done.  Feuerbach's other brothers were almost all distinguished in scholarship or science: Feuerbach matriculated in the University of Heidelberg in 1823 with the intention of pursuing a career in the church.
His thought was influential in the development of historical materialism, where he is often recognized as a bridge between Hegel and Marx.. The qualities themselves are divine therefore making God divine, indicating that humans are capable of understanding and applying meanings of divinity to religion and not that religion makes a human divine. ", (Thesis 9.)
"Feuerbach resolves the essence of religion into the essence of man [menschliche Wesen = ‘human nature’]. Hence it happened that the active side, in opposition to materialism, was developed by idealism — but only abstractly, since, of course, idealism does not know real, sensuous activity as such.
“Theses on Feuerbach” by Karl Marx is an eleven theses piece on philosophical thinking of Feuerbach, but Marx also gave the readers his perspective as well. The essence therefore can by him only be regarded as ‘species’, as an inner ‘dumb’ generality which unites many individuals only in a. December 25, 2018. Feuerbach became associated with a group known as the Young Hegelians, alternately known as the Left Hegelians, who synthesized a radical offshoot of Hegelian philosophy, interpreting Hegel's dialectic march of spirit through history to mean that existing Western culture and institutional forms—and, in particular, Christianity—would be superseded. Hence this doctrine is bound to divide society into two parts, one of which is superior to society. , "Feuerbach" redirects here. Following Schleiermacher’s theses, Feuerbach thought religion was principally a matter of feeling in its unrestricted subjectivity. Feuerbach talks of how humankind is equally a conscious being, more so than God because humans have placed upon God the ability of understanding. For other uses, see, Last edited on 10 September 2020, at 07:03, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy. But, beyond the feeling, is the fancy, the true maker of projections of "Gods" and of the sacred in general.
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